1.1 Articolo in rivista 62925
Effects of an Online Supervised Exercise Training in Children with Obesity during the COVID-19 Pandemic
COVID-19 restrictions have dramatically reduced the active lifestyle and physical activity (PA) levels in the whole population, a situation that can contribute to weight gain and to develop obesity. To improve physical fitness (PF) in children with obesity during COVID-19 restrictions, sport specialists started to deliver physical training through tele-exercise. For these reasons, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 12-week online supervised training program in children wit...
Isolated childhood growth hormone deficiency: a 30-year experience on final height and a new prediction model
Purpose We aimed to evaluate the near-final height (nFHt) in a large cohort of pediatricpatients with growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and to elaborate a new predictive method of nFHt. Methods We recruited GHD patients diagnosed between 1987 and 2014 and followed-up until nFHt. To predict the values of nFHt, each predictor was run in a univariable spline. Results We enrolled 1051 patients. Pre-treatment height was -2.43 SDS, lower than parental height (THt) (-1.09 SDS, p < 0.001). The dose ...
Purpose To assess the prevalence of pre-diabetes phenotypes, i.e., impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), increased HbA1c (IA1c), and their association with metabolic profile and atherogenic lipid profile in youths with overweight/obesity (OW/OB). Methods This cross-sectional study analyzed data of 1549 youths (5-18 years) with OW/OB followed in nine Italian centers between 2016 and 2020. Fasting and post-load measurements of glucose, insulin, and HbA1c were availab...
Novel Variant in Exon 3 of the BMP4 Gene Resulted in Ectopic Posterior Pituitary, Craniocervical Junction Dysmorphism and Limb Anomaly
Introduction. Pituitary differentiation involves a large number of transcription factors. In particular, BMP4 expression is fundamental for pituitary gland commitment from the ventral diencephalon, suppressing Shh expression in Rathke's pouch. Pathogenic variants in BMP4 are reported in the literature with a broad phenotypic spectrum, including pituitary and brain malformations. Case Presentation. A five-year-old girl came to medical attention following a mild cervical trauma with onset of ce...
The Temporal Association between Body Characteristics and Speed Performance over Twenty-Five Years in Italian Adolescents
Background: Physical fitness (PF) is positively related to skeletal and metabolic health, and it had an inverse relation with obesity. Adolescents with obesity have the worst performance in PF and speed-agility (SA) that contributes to an augmented risk to develop pathologies. To the best of our knowledge, many studies analyzed the trends of obesity and SA separately, but there is a lack of data about SA ability trends in adolescents with obesity. We aimed to investigate SA trends in children...
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