The expression of the prion (PRNP) and prion likedoppel (PRND) genes and the presence of the proteins prion (PrP) and doppel (Dpl) were investigated in human gliomas. The PRNP and PRND expression profiles were evaluated by real-time reverse transcription-quantitative PCR in low- and high-grade astrocytomas, in glioblastoma-derived cell lines and in non-glial tumor specimens. The presence of PrP and Dpl proteins and their cellular localization were evaluated by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. High levels of PRNP expression were found in all tumoral samples studied. Unlike the nontumoral controls, PRND was aberrantly expressed in glioblastoma multiforme and in two glioblastoma multiformederived cell lines, even in the absence of the PRND gene amplification. PRND expression was directly related to malignancy of the tumor: highest in glioblastoma multiforme, lower in anaplastic astrocytoma and even lower in the low-grade astrocytoma samples. High levels of PRND were also found in non-glial malignant tumor samples, such as gastric adenocarcinoma and anaplastic meningioma. Western blot analysis confirmed the PrP and Dpl expression, displaying variability in the electrophoretic patterns. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a diffuse cytoplasmatic Dpl distribution in different astrocytic neoplastic cells, in infiltrating lymphocytes and in blood vessel endothelial cells. Of note, Dpl reactivity was different from that of the PrP, since PrP showed typical Golgi and membrane localised staining. Our findings suggest that the PRND gene might be a useful molecular marker in astrocytoma progression and in tumor grade definition. Understanding of the mechanisms of PRND increased expression might provide insight into the regulatory pathways of glioma development.

Differential expression of the prion-like protein doppel gene (PRND) in astrocytomas: a new molecular marker potentially involved in tumor progression.

COMINCINI, SERGIO
;
FACOETTI, ANGELICA;DEL VECCHIO, IGOR;MAGRASSI, LORENZO;CERONI, MAURO;FERRETTI, LUCA;NANO, ROSANNA
2004

Abstract

The expression of the prion (PRNP) and prion likedoppel (PRND) genes and the presence of the proteins prion (PrP) and doppel (Dpl) were investigated in human gliomas. The PRNP and PRND expression profiles were evaluated by real-time reverse transcription-quantitative PCR in low- and high-grade astrocytomas, in glioblastoma-derived cell lines and in non-glial tumor specimens. The presence of PrP and Dpl proteins and their cellular localization were evaluated by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. High levels of PRNP expression were found in all tumoral samples studied. Unlike the nontumoral controls, PRND was aberrantly expressed in glioblastoma multiforme and in two glioblastoma multiformederived cell lines, even in the absence of the PRND gene amplification. PRND expression was directly related to malignancy of the tumor: highest in glioblastoma multiforme, lower in anaplastic astrocytoma and even lower in the low-grade astrocytoma samples. High levels of PRND were also found in non-glial malignant tumor samples, such as gastric adenocarcinoma and anaplastic meningioma. Western blot analysis confirmed the PrP and Dpl expression, displaying variability in the electrophoretic patterns. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a diffuse cytoplasmatic Dpl distribution in different astrocytic neoplastic cells, in infiltrating lymphocytes and in blood vessel endothelial cells. Of note, Dpl reactivity was different from that of the PrP, since PrP showed typical Golgi and membrane localised staining. Our findings suggest that the PRND gene might be a useful molecular marker in astrocytoma progression and in tumor grade definition. Understanding of the mechanisms of PRND increased expression might provide insight into the regulatory pathways of glioma development.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/102946
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