BACKGROUND: We and others have demonstrated that adoptive cell therapy with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific autologous cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) may control disease progression in patients with EBV-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). With the aim of favoring in vivo T-cell expansion, we optimized our cell therapy approach by administering higher doses of EBV-specific CTLs, following lymphodepleting chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven patients with EBV-related NPC in whom conventional treatment failed have been enrolled. Patients received nonmyeloablative lymphodepleting chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine. Two doses of autologous EBV-specific CTLs were subsequently infused, 2 weeks apart. Study end points were feasibility and clinical outcome. RESULTS: All patients enrolled completed the treatment and were assessable for analysis. The median dose of CTLs per infusion was 3.7 × 10(8). Therapy was well tolerated, with no severe adverse events ascribable to either chemotherapy or cell therapy. Disease control (defined as either tumor regression or disease stabilization lasting >4 months) was obtained in 6 of 11 patients, in keeping with previously published results. CONCLUSIONS: Our data confirm that EBV-specific CTL therapy is safe and associated with antitumor activity in patients with advanced

T-cell therapy for EBV-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma: preparative lymphodepleting chemotherapy does not improve clinical results.

LICITRA, MELANIA;LOCATI, LUIGI;SCHIAVO LENA, MARCO;BALDANTI, FAUSTO;LOCATELLI, FRANCO;SIENA, GIOVANNI;Pedrazzoli, P;
2012-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We and others have demonstrated that adoptive cell therapy with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific autologous cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) may control disease progression in patients with EBV-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). With the aim of favoring in vivo T-cell expansion, we optimized our cell therapy approach by administering higher doses of EBV-specific CTLs, following lymphodepleting chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eleven patients with EBV-related NPC in whom conventional treatment failed have been enrolled. Patients received nonmyeloablative lymphodepleting chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine. Two doses of autologous EBV-specific CTLs were subsequently infused, 2 weeks apart. Study end points were feasibility and clinical outcome. RESULTS: All patients enrolled completed the treatment and were assessable for analysis. The median dose of CTLs per infusion was 3.7 × 10(8). Therapy was well tolerated, with no severe adverse events ascribable to either chemotherapy or cell therapy. Disease control (defined as either tumor regression or disease stabilization lasting >4 months) was obtained in 6 of 11 patients, in keeping with previously published results. CONCLUSIONS: Our data confirm that EBV-specific CTL therapy is safe and associated with antitumor activity in patients with advanced
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1052794
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 21
  • Scopus 40
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 38
social impact