Rose Bengal (RB) is a very effiient photosensitizer which undergoes inactivation of its photophysical and photochemical properties upon addition of a quencher group—i.e. acetate—to the xanthene rings. The resulting RB acetate (RB-Ac) derivative behaves as a flurogenic substrate: it easily enters the cells where the native photoactive molecule is restored by esterase activities. It is known that the viability of RB-Ac-loaded cells is strongly reduced by light irradiation, attesting to the formation of intracellular RB. The aim of this study was to identify the organelles photodamaged by the intracellularly formed RB. RB-Ac preloaded rat C6 glioma cells and human HeLa cells were irradiated at 530 nm. Fluorescence confocal imaging and colocalization with specic dyes showed that the restored RB molecules redistribute dynamically through the cytoplasm, with the achievement of a dynamic equilibrium at 30 min after the administration, in the cell systems used; this accounted for a generalized damage to several organelles and cell structures (i.e. the endoplasmic reticulum, the Golgi apparatus, the mitochondria, and the cytoskeleton). The multiple organelle damage, furthermore, led preferentially to apoptosis as demonstrated by light and electron microscopy and by dual-fluorescence staining with FITC-labelled annexin V and propidium iodide

Apoptosis in tumor cells photosensitized wity Rose Bengal Acetate is induced by multiple organelle photodamage.

SOLDANI, CRISTIANA;BOTTONE, MARIA GRAZIA;FRASCHINI, ANNUNZIA;BIGGIOGERA, MARCO;PELLICCIARI, CARLO
2007-01-01

Abstract

Rose Bengal (RB) is a very effiient photosensitizer which undergoes inactivation of its photophysical and photochemical properties upon addition of a quencher group—i.e. acetate—to the xanthene rings. The resulting RB acetate (RB-Ac) derivative behaves as a flurogenic substrate: it easily enters the cells where the native photoactive molecule is restored by esterase activities. It is known that the viability of RB-Ac-loaded cells is strongly reduced by light irradiation, attesting to the formation of intracellular RB. The aim of this study was to identify the organelles photodamaged by the intracellularly formed RB. RB-Ac preloaded rat C6 glioma cells and human HeLa cells were irradiated at 530 nm. Fluorescence confocal imaging and colocalization with specic dyes showed that the restored RB molecules redistribute dynamically through the cytoplasm, with the achievement of a dynamic equilibrium at 30 min after the administration, in the cell systems used; this accounted for a generalized damage to several organelles and cell structures (i.e. the endoplasmic reticulum, the Golgi apparatus, the mitochondria, and the cytoskeleton). The multiple organelle damage, furthermore, led preferentially to apoptosis as demonstrated by light and electron microscopy and by dual-fluorescence staining with FITC-labelled annexin V and propidium iodide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/106515
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