The effect of aging on the intestinal transport of thiamin was studied using small intestinal microvillous vesicles prepared from groups of rats aged 1, 2, 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively. The vesicles (enrichment 14.6-17.8-fold) were incubated with 0.125 to 12.5 microM tritiated thiamin and the radioactivity taken up was measured radiometrically after rapid filtration. The time course and cumulative uptake curves of thiamin and the inhibiting potency of the thiamin structural analogs pyrithiamin, amprolium and oxythiamin on the saturable component of thiamin transport were determined. The vesicle diameter was measured by using a computerized morphometric procedure, and found to be decreased in aged rats. The Km and Jmax values of the saturable component of transport increased with increasing age, the difference with younger groups being statistically significant at 24 and 12 months. The inhibitory potencies of pyrithiamin and amprolium gradually decreased with increasing age, while oxythiamin was devoid of significant inhibitory activity. Passive permeability coefficients decreased with increasing age, reaching their lowest value at 24 months. These results show that aging is associated with intrinsic alterations of the enterocytic plasma membrane resulting in a decrease of the affinity for thiamin, associated with a faster rate of the saturable component of thiamin transport, and with a significant depression of the non-saturable component.

Age-related thiamin transport by small intestinal microvillous vesicles of rat.

LAFORENZA, UMBERTO;CASASCO, ANDREA;RINDI, GIANGUIDO
1992

Abstract

The effect of aging on the intestinal transport of thiamin was studied using small intestinal microvillous vesicles prepared from groups of rats aged 1, 2, 6, 12 and 24 months, respectively. The vesicles (enrichment 14.6-17.8-fold) were incubated with 0.125 to 12.5 microM tritiated thiamin and the radioactivity taken up was measured radiometrically after rapid filtration. The time course and cumulative uptake curves of thiamin and the inhibiting potency of the thiamin structural analogs pyrithiamin, amprolium and oxythiamin on the saturable component of thiamin transport were determined. The vesicle diameter was measured by using a computerized morphometric procedure, and found to be decreased in aged rats. The Km and Jmax values of the saturable component of transport increased with increasing age, the difference with younger groups being statistically significant at 24 and 12 months. The inhibitory potencies of pyrithiamin and amprolium gradually decreased with increasing age, while oxythiamin was devoid of significant inhibitory activity. Passive permeability coefficients decreased with increasing age, reaching their lowest value at 24 months. These results show that aging is associated with intrinsic alterations of the enterocytic plasma membrane resulting in a decrease of the affinity for thiamin, associated with a faster rate of the saturable component of thiamin transport, and with a significant depression of the non-saturable component.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/108725
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