The effects of chronic ethanol administration on different steps in the metabolism of thiamine (T), thiamine mono- (TMP) and pyrophosphate (TPP) were determined in vivo in the liver, kidney, heart, skeletal muscle and small intestinal mucosa. The radioactivity of T and its phosphoesters was measured in plasma and in the selected organs under steady-state conditions and at fixed time intervals (0.25-240 hr) after an i.p. injection of Thiazole-[2-14C]-thiamine (30 micrograms: 1.25 microCi) in rats chronically (35 days) ethanol-treated (daily dose of 4.7 g kg-1 body wt by gastric gavage). Two types of controls were used: pair-fed rats treated with a sucrose solution isoenergetic with ethanol, and water-treated rats. A nutritionally adequate diet, which supplied an excess of thiamine, was given to the rats, producing a virtually steady content of thiamine compounds in the tissues. The analytical data obtained were elaborated using appropriate compartmental mathematical models, which allowed the fractional rate constants, turnover rates and turnover times to be calculated. Alterations in thiamine metabolism were modest and differed according to the organs. The most widespread modification was to facilitate the entry of T (small intestine, kidney and heart) or TMP (small intestine and kidney), while no significant change of T and TMP release was seen. Sucrose had minimal effect in both steps. Enzymatic transformations of thiamine were likewise marginally affected. A general trend toward a slower T pyrophosphorylation and a faster T phosphate dephosphorylation was observed in the small intestine, kidney, heart and liver. Skeletal muscle was unaffected.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Effect of ethanol administration on the in vivo kinetics of thiamine phosphorylation and dephosphorylation in different organs. I. Chronic effects.

RINDI, GIANGUIDO;PATRINI, CESARE;LAFORENZA, UMBERTO
1991

Abstract

The effects of chronic ethanol administration on different steps in the metabolism of thiamine (T), thiamine mono- (TMP) and pyrophosphate (TPP) were determined in vivo in the liver, kidney, heart, skeletal muscle and small intestinal mucosa. The radioactivity of T and its phosphoesters was measured in plasma and in the selected organs under steady-state conditions and at fixed time intervals (0.25-240 hr) after an i.p. injection of Thiazole-[2-14C]-thiamine (30 micrograms: 1.25 microCi) in rats chronically (35 days) ethanol-treated (daily dose of 4.7 g kg-1 body wt by gastric gavage). Two types of controls were used: pair-fed rats treated with a sucrose solution isoenergetic with ethanol, and water-treated rats. A nutritionally adequate diet, which supplied an excess of thiamine, was given to the rats, producing a virtually steady content of thiamine compounds in the tissues. The analytical data obtained were elaborated using appropriate compartmental mathematical models, which allowed the fractional rate constants, turnover rates and turnover times to be calculated. Alterations in thiamine metabolism were modest and differed according to the organs. The most widespread modification was to facilitate the entry of T (small intestine, kidney and heart) or TMP (small intestine and kidney), while no significant change of T and TMP release was seen. Sucrose had minimal effect in both steps. Enzymatic transformations of thiamine were likewise marginally affected. A general trend toward a slower T pyrophosphorylation and a faster T phosphate dephosphorylation was observed in the small intestine, kidney, heart and liver. Skeletal muscle was unaffected.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/108728
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