To calculate the kinetic parameters of thiamine monophosphate transport across the rat blood-brain barrier in vivo, different doses of a [35S]thiamine monophosphate preparation with a specific activity of 14.8 mCi.mmol-1 were injected in the femoral vein and the radioactivity was measured in arterial femoral blood and in the cerebellum, cerebral cortex, pons, and medulla 20 s after the injection. This short experimental time was used to prevent thiamine monophosphate hydrolysis. Thiamine monophosphate was transported into the nervous tissue by a saturable mechanism. The maximal transport rate (Jmax) and the half-saturation concentration (Km) equaled 27-39 pmol.g-1.min-1 and 2.6-4.8 microM, respectively. When compared with that of thiamine, thiamine monophosphate transport seemed to be characterized by a lower affinity and a lower maximal influx rate. At physiological plasma concentrations, thiamine monophosphate transport rate ranged from 2.06 to 4.90 pmol.g-1.min-1, thus representing a significant component of thiamine supply to nervous tissue.

Blood-brain transport of thiamine monophosphate in the rat: a kinetic study in vivo.

PATRINI, CESARE;LAFORENZA, UMBERTO;RINDI, GIANGUIDO
1988

Abstract

To calculate the kinetic parameters of thiamine monophosphate transport across the rat blood-brain barrier in vivo, different doses of a [35S]thiamine monophosphate preparation with a specific activity of 14.8 mCi.mmol-1 were injected in the femoral vein and the radioactivity was measured in arterial femoral blood and in the cerebellum, cerebral cortex, pons, and medulla 20 s after the injection. This short experimental time was used to prevent thiamine monophosphate hydrolysis. Thiamine monophosphate was transported into the nervous tissue by a saturable mechanism. The maximal transport rate (Jmax) and the half-saturation concentration (Km) equaled 27-39 pmol.g-1.min-1 and 2.6-4.8 microM, respectively. When compared with that of thiamine, thiamine monophosphate transport seemed to be characterized by a lower affinity and a lower maximal influx rate. At physiological plasma concentrations, thiamine monophosphate transport rate ranged from 2.06 to 4.90 pmol.g-1.min-1, thus representing a significant component of thiamine supply to nervous tissue.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/108734
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