We have developed a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen for patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) undergoing alternative donor transplants, which includes fludarabine (120 mg/m(2)), cyclophosphamide (1,200 mg/m(2)) and antithymocyte globulin (7.5 mg/kg). Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine and methotrexate. We have enrolled 38 SAA patients in this trial: median age of 14 (3-37) years, transplanted from unrelated (n=33) or family mismatched (n=5) donors, with unmanipulated marrow (n=36) or peripheral blood (n=2). Seven patients (18%) had evidence of graft failure, 11% developed grade II-III acute GvHD and 27% developed chronic GvHD. The actuarial 2-year survival is 73%, with a median follow-up of 621 days. Younger patients (<or=14 years) had a lower risk of rejection (5%) and improved actuarial survival (84%). Causes of death were infections (n=3), graft failure (n=2), Epstein-Barr virus lymphoma (n=2) and hemorrhage (n=2). In conclusion, the actuarial 2-year survival is encouraging in young SAA patients receiving a radiation-free conditioning regimen. The significant risk of graft failure in patients 15 years or older may require modification of the conditioning regimen in adults.

Fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and anti-thymocyte globulin for alternative donor transplants in acquired severe aplastic anemia: a report from the EBMT-SAA Working Party

LOCATELLI, FRANCO;
2005-01-01

Abstract

We have developed a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen for patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) undergoing alternative donor transplants, which includes fludarabine (120 mg/m(2)), cyclophosphamide (1,200 mg/m(2)) and antithymocyte globulin (7.5 mg/kg). Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine and methotrexate. We have enrolled 38 SAA patients in this trial: median age of 14 (3-37) years, transplanted from unrelated (n=33) or family mismatched (n=5) donors, with unmanipulated marrow (n=36) or peripheral blood (n=2). Seven patients (18%) had evidence of graft failure, 11% developed grade II-III acute GvHD and 27% developed chronic GvHD. The actuarial 2-year survival is 73%, with a median follow-up of 621 days. Younger patients (
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/108926
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