The current scientific research is continuously aiming at identifying new therapeutic targets with the purpose of modifying the immune response to allergens. The evolution in immunological methods has led to the identification of immunoglobulin E (IgE) as both a diagnostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target in allergic diseases, such as allergic rhinitis. Allergen immunotherapy has been used for more than 100 years to treat allergic diseases and it is today considered the only disease-modifying treatment capable of inducing a long-lasting immunological and clinical tolerance toward the causal allergen. During the past 20 years, major advances have been made in understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms of allergen tolerance in humans. Moreover, there has been considerable progress in allergen extract modifications and additions to standard extracts. The recognition that IgE plays a pivotal role in basic regulatory mechanisms of allergic inflammation has recently stimulated research into the therapeutic potential of directly targeting this antibody. Omalizumab, the most advanced humanized anti-IgE monoclonal antibody, is currently approved for the treatment of uncontrolled allergic asthma and chronic spontaneous urticaria. Interesting results also arise from studies in which omalizumab was administered in patients with allergic rhinitis. The aim of this review is to provide an update on current findings on immunological and clinical effects of allergen immunotherapy and anti-IgE therapy, which have been shown to have synergistic modes of action for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.

From IgE to clinical trials of allergic rhinitis

MARSEGLIA, GIAN LUIGI;Castagnoli, Riccardo;VALSECCHI, CHIARA;CAIMMI, SILVIA MARIA;LICARI, AMELIA
2015-01-01

Abstract

The current scientific research is continuously aiming at identifying new therapeutic targets with the purpose of modifying the immune response to allergens. The evolution in immunological methods has led to the identification of immunoglobulin E (IgE) as both a diagnostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target in allergic diseases, such as allergic rhinitis. Allergen immunotherapy has been used for more than 100 years to treat allergic diseases and it is today considered the only disease-modifying treatment capable of inducing a long-lasting immunological and clinical tolerance toward the causal allergen. During the past 20 years, major advances have been made in understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms of allergen tolerance in humans. Moreover, there has been considerable progress in allergen extract modifications and additions to standard extracts. The recognition that IgE plays a pivotal role in basic regulatory mechanisms of allergic inflammation has recently stimulated research into the therapeutic potential of directly targeting this antibody. Omalizumab, the most advanced humanized anti-IgE monoclonal antibody, is currently approved for the treatment of uncontrolled allergic asthma and chronic spontaneous urticaria. Interesting results also arise from studies in which omalizumab was administered in patients with allergic rhinitis. The aim of this review is to provide an update on current findings on immunological and clinical effects of allergen immunotherapy and anti-IgE therapy, which have been shown to have synergistic modes of action for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1127356
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 32
  • Scopus 60
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 56
social impact