Fourteen titanium dental implants (Tioblast™) were implanted singly in the proximal tibia of New Zealand rabbits for 120 days. A bone defect was surgically produced and filled with Bio-Oss® around six of these implants. After the animals were sacrificed and their organs harvested, bone segments were fixed and methacrylate embedded after the push-in test had been performed. Microradiography was performed on longitudinal sections of the implants, whereas scanning electron microscope analysis was performed on the remaining embedded half-implants using secondary electrons only. The results showed that the implants were apically and coronally surrounded by bone, whether Bio-Oss® was used or not. Fractures were evident through the newly formed bone and between the pre-existing and newly formed bone. Some fracture lines propagated through the bone and stopped at the implant surface without continuing along the bone-titanium interface. Detachment between the implant and the bone occurred at the coronal extremity of the implants and along its cervical region. These results highlight the fact that the bone-titanium interface has a high resistance to loading. It exhibited greater resistance than the newly formed bone and seems to behave in a manner similar to the cement lines of osteons.

Behavior of the bone-titanium interface after push-in testing: a morphological study.

RODRIGUEZ Y BAENA, RUGGERO;RIZZO, SILVANA;BRUSOTTI, CESARE;
2003

Abstract

Fourteen titanium dental implants (Tioblast™) were implanted singly in the proximal tibia of New Zealand rabbits for 120 days. A bone defect was surgically produced and filled with Bio-Oss® around six of these implants. After the animals were sacrificed and their organs harvested, bone segments were fixed and methacrylate embedded after the push-in test had been performed. Microradiography was performed on longitudinal sections of the implants, whereas scanning electron microscope analysis was performed on the remaining embedded half-implants using secondary electrons only. The results showed that the implants were apically and coronally surrounded by bone, whether Bio-Oss® was used or not. Fractures were evident through the newly formed bone and between the pre-existing and newly formed bone. Some fracture lines propagated through the bone and stopped at the implant surface without continuing along the bone-titanium interface. Detachment between the implant and the bone occurred at the coronal extremity of the implants and along its cervical region. These results highlight the fact that the bone-titanium interface has a high resistance to loading. It exhibited greater resistance than the newly formed bone and seems to behave in a manner similar to the cement lines of osteons.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/114668
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