This paper describes the ␣rst detailed computational mecha- nisticstudyoftheJulia␣KociensÀkiole␣nationbetweenacetaldehyde(1)and ethyl 1-phenyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl sulfone (2), considered a paradigmatic example of the reaction between unsubstituted alkyl PT sulfones and linear aliphatic aldehydes. The theoretical study was performed within the density functional approach through calculations at the B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level for all atoms except sulfur for which the 6-311+G(2df,p) basis set was used. All the di␣erent intermediates and transition states encountered along the reaction pathways leading to ␣nal E and Z ole␣ns have been located and the relative energies calculated, both for the reactions with potassium- and lithium-metalated sulfones, in THF and toluene, respectively. We have essentially con␣rmed the complex multistep mechanistic manifold proposed by others; however, the formation of a spirocyclic intermediate in the Smiles rearrangement was excluded. Instead, we found that this step involves a concerted, though asynchronous, mechanism. Moreover, our calculations nicely ␣t with the diastereoselectivities observed experimentally for potassium- and lithium-metalated sulfones, in THF and toluene, respectively.

Computational mechanistic study of the julia-kocieński reaction

LEGNANI, LAURA;PORTA, ALESSIO;CARAMELLA, PIERLUIGI;TOMA, LUCIO;ZANONI, GIUSEPPE;VIDARI, GIOVANNI
2015

Abstract

This paper describes the ␣rst detailed computational mecha- nisticstudyoftheJulia␣KociensÀkiole␣nationbetweenacetaldehyde(1)and ethyl 1-phenyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl sulfone (2), considered a paradigmatic example of the reaction between unsubstituted alkyl PT sulfones and linear aliphatic aldehydes. The theoretical study was performed within the density functional approach through calculations at the B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level for all atoms except sulfur for which the 6-311+G(2df,p) basis set was used. All the di␣erent intermediates and transition states encountered along the reaction pathways leading to ␣nal E and Z ole␣ns have been located and the relative energies calculated, both for the reactions with potassium- and lithium-metalated sulfones, in THF and toluene, respectively. We have essentially con␣rmed the complex multistep mechanistic manifold proposed by others; however, the formation of a spirocyclic intermediate in the Smiles rearrangement was excluded. Instead, we found that this step involves a concerted, though asynchronous, mechanism. Moreover, our calculations nicely ␣t with the diastereoselectivities observed experimentally for potassium- and lithium-metalated sulfones, in THF and toluene, respectively.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1166326
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact