This study simulates the exposure of V79 Chinese hamster fibroblasts to low-energy protons, deuterons and alpha-particles in the LET range 10-200 keV/mu m. The starting assumption is that the induction of clustered lesions in DNA is a fundamental step for cell inactivation. A non-homogeneous cell population was simulated by a computer program, using as input measured morphological parameters reported in the literature. Variations in the number of traversals through each cell of the population and in the length of the traversal, depending on actual nuclear thickness and position of the traversal, the energy spread of the incident beam, and the change of LET along the tracks were included in the simulation. Microdosimetric spectra were computed and compared with spectra obtained neglecting particle slowing-down and stochastic aspects of cell morphology. Simulated cell survival was estimated under the assumption that surviving cells are those with no clustered DNA lesions or no passages. The main features of experimental RBE Versus LET and particle type were reproduced by the simulations. The influence of stochastic aspects of target-cell morphology and of the energy of the incident particles on survival were investigated under different assumptions about the correlation between morphological parameters. Results support the hypothesis of a relevant role of clustered DNA damage in cell killing and point out the importance of target-cell morphology and its variability in beam dosimetry and computer simulations of low-energy particle radiation effects.

A Monte Carlo calculation of cell inactivation

OTTOLENGHI, ANDREA DAVIDE;
1997

Abstract

This study simulates the exposure of V79 Chinese hamster fibroblasts to low-energy protons, deuterons and alpha-particles in the LET range 10-200 keV/mu m. The starting assumption is that the induction of clustered lesions in DNA is a fundamental step for cell inactivation. A non-homogeneous cell population was simulated by a computer program, using as input measured morphological parameters reported in the literature. Variations in the number of traversals through each cell of the population and in the length of the traversal, depending on actual nuclear thickness and position of the traversal, the energy spread of the incident beam, and the change of LET along the tracks were included in the simulation. Microdosimetric spectra were computed and compared with spectra obtained neglecting particle slowing-down and stochastic aspects of cell morphology. Simulated cell survival was estimated under the assumption that surviving cells are those with no clustered DNA lesions or no passages. The main features of experimental RBE Versus LET and particle type were reproduced by the simulations. The influence of stochastic aspects of target-cell morphology and of the energy of the incident particles on survival were investigated under different assumptions about the correlation between morphological parameters. Results support the hypothesis of a relevant role of clustered DNA damage in cell killing and point out the importance of target-cell morphology and its variability in beam dosimetry and computer simulations of low-energy particle radiation effects.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/120100
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