Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage is a major cause of acute mortality and chronic neurological morbidity in infants and children. Oxidative stress due to free radical formation and the initiation of abnormal oxidative reactions appears to play a key role. Docosahexanoic acid (DHA), a main component of brain membrane phospholip- ids, may act as a neuroprotectant after hypoxia-ischemia by regulating multiple molecular pathways and gene expres- sion. Objectives: The aims of this study were to test the hy- pothesis that DHA provides significant protection against lipoperoxidation damage in the cerebral cortex and hippo- campus in a neonatal piglet model of severe hypoxia-reoxy- genation. Methods: Newborn piglets, Noroc (LYLD), were subjected to severe global hypoxia. One group was resusci- tated with ambient air (21% group, n = 11) and another also received 5 mg/kg of DHA 4 h after the end of hypoxia (21% DHA group, n = 10). After 9.5 h, tissues from the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus were sampled and the levels of iso- prostanes, neuroprostanes, neurofurans, and F2-dihomo- isoprostanes were determined by the liquid chromatogra- phy triple quadrupole mass spectrometry technique. Re- sults: Lipid peroxidation biomarkers were significantly lower in both the cortex and hippocampus in the DHA-treated group compared with the untreated group. Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that DHA administration af- ter severe hypoxia in newborn piglets has an antioxidative effect in the brain, suggesting a protective potential of DHA if given after injuries to the brain.

DHA Reduces Oxidative Stress after Perinatal Asphyxia: A Study in Newborn Piglets

Porta, Alessio
Conceptualization
;
2017

Abstract

Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage is a major cause of acute mortality and chronic neurological morbidity in infants and children. Oxidative stress due to free radical formation and the initiation of abnormal oxidative reactions appears to play a key role. Docosahexanoic acid (DHA), a main component of brain membrane phospholip- ids, may act as a neuroprotectant after hypoxia-ischemia by regulating multiple molecular pathways and gene expres- sion. Objectives: The aims of this study were to test the hy- pothesis that DHA provides significant protection against lipoperoxidation damage in the cerebral cortex and hippo- campus in a neonatal piglet model of severe hypoxia-reoxy- genation. Methods: Newborn piglets, Noroc (LYLD), were subjected to severe global hypoxia. One group was resusci- tated with ambient air (21% group, n = 11) and another also received 5 mg/kg of DHA 4 h after the end of hypoxia (21% DHA group, n = 10). After 9.5 h, tissues from the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus were sampled and the levels of iso- prostanes, neuroprostanes, neurofurans, and F2-dihomo- isoprostanes were determined by the liquid chromatogra- phy triple quadrupole mass spectrometry technique. Re- sults: Lipid peroxidation biomarkers were significantly lower in both the cortex and hippocampus in the DHA-treated group compared with the untreated group. Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that DHA administration af- ter severe hypoxia in newborn piglets has an antioxidative effect in the brain, suggesting a protective potential of DHA if given after injuries to the brain.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1213071
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 7
  • Scopus 17
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 27
social impact