PURPOSE: Peripheral nerves frequently travel close to the bone surface and are, therefore, prone to elastosonographic "bone-proximity" hardening artifacts. The impact of these artifacts on quantitative measurements of median nerve stiffness performed by shear wave elastosonography has not been explored. Our aim was to assess normal median nerve stiffness values at various locations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six healthy volunteers (24 women and 12 men) aged between 25 and 40 years were evaluated. Two operators performed the evaluation: one expert (6 years of ultrasound experience) and one inexperienced operator (6 months' experience). The nerve was sampled in cross-section at three different locations: mid-forearm, immediately before the carpal tunnel and within the tunnel. The ultrasound scanner was equipped with a 14-MHz linear probe. The Shear Wave module was activated in one-shot mode. Measurements were performed using a ROI corresponding to the diameter of the nerve. RESULTS: The mean values of stiffness of the medial nerve were 32.26 kPa ± 18.60 within the carpal tunnel, 22.20 kPa ± 9.84 at the carpal tunnel inlet and 7.62 kPa ± 7.38 in the forearm. Inter-observer agreement assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was "moderate" within the carpal tunnel (ICC = 0.44), "moderate" at the carpal tunnel inlet (ICC = 0.41) and "fair" in the forearm (ICC = 0.38). CONCLUSIONS: The stiffness of the median nerve progressively increases in its distal portions, where the nerve approaches the bone surface. Inter-observer agreement was generally good (from fair to moderate).

Median nerve evaluation by shear wave elastosonography: impact of “bone-proximity” hardening artifacts and inter-observer agreement

BORTOLOTTO, CHANDRA
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
TURPINI, ELENA
Methodology
;
FELISAZ, PAOLO FLORENT
Methodology
;
Fiorina, Ilaria
Conceptualization
;
Raciti, Maria Vittoria
Methodology
;
Bottinelli, Olivia
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Calliada, Fabrizio
Writing – Review & Editing
2017

Abstract

PURPOSE: Peripheral nerves frequently travel close to the bone surface and are, therefore, prone to elastosonographic "bone-proximity" hardening artifacts. The impact of these artifacts on quantitative measurements of median nerve stiffness performed by shear wave elastosonography has not been explored. Our aim was to assess normal median nerve stiffness values at various locations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six healthy volunteers (24 women and 12 men) aged between 25 and 40 years were evaluated. Two operators performed the evaluation: one expert (6 years of ultrasound experience) and one inexperienced operator (6 months' experience). The nerve was sampled in cross-section at three different locations: mid-forearm, immediately before the carpal tunnel and within the tunnel. The ultrasound scanner was equipped with a 14-MHz linear probe. The Shear Wave module was activated in one-shot mode. Measurements were performed using a ROI corresponding to the diameter of the nerve. RESULTS: The mean values of stiffness of the medial nerve were 32.26 kPa ± 18.60 within the carpal tunnel, 22.20 kPa ± 9.84 at the carpal tunnel inlet and 7.62 kPa ± 7.38 in the forearm. Inter-observer agreement assessed using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was "moderate" within the carpal tunnel (ICC = 0.44), "moderate" at the carpal tunnel inlet (ICC = 0.41) and "fair" in the forearm (ICC = 0.38). CONCLUSIONS: The stiffness of the median nerve progressively increases in its distal portions, where the nerve approaches the bone surface. Inter-observer agreement was generally good (from fair to moderate).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1216634
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