Prepubertal primary testicular tumors account for ∼1% of all pediatric solid tumors. We report a new case of prenatal diagnosis of juvenile-type granulosa cell tumor (JGCT). A fetal ultrasound performed at the 38th week of gestation for suspected nonvertex presentation identified a left multilocular septated cystic testicular mass, suggestive for JGCT. At birth, a painless left scrotal mass was detected. Ultrasound re-evaluation excluded torsion of the testis. Tumor markers and abdominal ultrasound were normal for age. Inguinal exploration revealed a cystic mass beneath the tunica albuginea that had replaced all the normal parenchyma. Since organ-sparing surgery was thus not feasible, an orchiectomy was performed and diagnosis of JGCT was confirmed. At 7-year follow-up, the child presented an uneventful outcome. Our case shows that neonatal JGCT, which has an intrauterine genesis, can be diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound in the last weeks of pregnancy.

Juvenile Granulosa Cell Tumor of the Testis: Prenatal Diagnosis and Management

Cesari, Stefania;Parigi, Gian Battista;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Prepubertal primary testicular tumors account for ∼1% of all pediatric solid tumors. We report a new case of prenatal diagnosis of juvenile-type granulosa cell tumor (JGCT). A fetal ultrasound performed at the 38th week of gestation for suspected nonvertex presentation identified a left multilocular septated cystic testicular mass, suggestive for JGCT. At birth, a painless left scrotal mass was detected. Ultrasound re-evaluation excluded torsion of the testis. Tumor markers and abdominal ultrasound were normal for age. Inguinal exploration revealed a cystic mass beneath the tunica albuginea that had replaced all the normal parenchyma. Since organ-sparing surgery was thus not feasible, an orchiectomy was performed and diagnosis of JGCT was confirmed. At 7-year follow-up, the child presented an uneventful outcome. Our case shows that neonatal JGCT, which has an intrauterine genesis, can be diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound in the last weeks of pregnancy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1296426
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