Randomized controlled clinical trials and real-life observations indicate that less than 50% of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) respond to vedolizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the α4β7 integrin. Since α4β7-expressing lymphocytes mainly infiltrate the left colon, we assessed whether localization of CD and UC influences vedolizumab-induced remission. One hundred and eighty-one patients (74 CD and 107 UC) receiving vedolizumab in 3 referral centers were retrospectively evaluated for clinical remission at week 14. Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared between remitters and non-responders, and multivariable multinomial analysis was performed to identify predictors of remission. Remission was achieved in 17 CD (23%) and 34 UC (32%) patients, respectively. In CD, localization of the lesions did not influence clinical remission. In UC, the remitters had more frequently a distal/left-sided colitis (21/34, 62%) as compared to the non-responders (9/47, 19%), and extensive colitis was more frequent in the non-responders (38/47, 81%) than in the remitters (13/34, 38%). The multivariable multinomial analysis showed that distal/left-sided colitis was associated with a higher probability of clinical remission while extensive colitis was inversely associated with induction of remission. Data indicate that UC patients with distal or left-sided colitis are more likely to achieve remission than patients with extensive colitis following vedolizumab treatment.

Extent of Mucosal Inflammation in Ulcerative Colitis Influences the Clinical Remission Induced by Vedolizumab

Lenti, Marco Vincenzo;Costa, Stefania;Di Sabatino, Antonio;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Randomized controlled clinical trials and real-life observations indicate that less than 50% of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) respond to vedolizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the α4β7 integrin. Since α4β7-expressing lymphocytes mainly infiltrate the left colon, we assessed whether localization of CD and UC influences vedolizumab-induced remission. One hundred and eighty-one patients (74 CD and 107 UC) receiving vedolizumab in 3 referral centers were retrospectively evaluated for clinical remission at week 14. Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared between remitters and non-responders, and multivariable multinomial analysis was performed to identify predictors of remission. Remission was achieved in 17 CD (23%) and 34 UC (32%) patients, respectively. In CD, localization of the lesions did not influence clinical remission. In UC, the remitters had more frequently a distal/left-sided colitis (21/34, 62%) as compared to the non-responders (9/47, 19%), and extensive colitis was more frequent in the non-responders (38/47, 81%) than in the remitters (13/34, 38%). The multivariable multinomial analysis showed that distal/left-sided colitis was associated with a higher probability of clinical remission while extensive colitis was inversely associated with induction of remission. Data indicate that UC patients with distal or left-sided colitis are more likely to achieve remission than patients with extensive colitis following vedolizumab treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1313886
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