Recent experimental and theoretical work on two-dimensional (2D) and waveguide-embedded photonic crystals is reviewed. The investigated systems are 2D macroporous silicon and photonic crystal slabs based on silicon-on-insulator as well as GaAs/AlGaAs. In all these structures, reflectance at varying angles of incidence allows to determine the dispersion of photonic modes above the light line. For macroporous silicon, reflectance from the side yields a complementary measurement of the photonic gaps. In the GaAs-based system, second-harmonic generation in reflection shows a resonant enhancement when the pump beam is frequency- and momentum-matched to a photonic mode in the slab. A theory of photonic states in waveguide-embedded photonic crystals leads to a determination of mode dispersion and diffraction losses for leaky photonic modes.

Optical properties and photonic mode dispersion in two-dimensional and waveguide-embedded photonic crystals

ANDREANI, LUCIO;AGIO, MARIO;BAJONI, DANIELE;BELOTTI, MICHELE;GALLI, MATTEO;GUIZZETTI, GIORGIO;MALVEZZI, ANDREA MARCO;MARABELLI, FRANCO;PATRINI, MADDALENA;VECCHI, GABRIELE
2003

Abstract

Recent experimental and theoretical work on two-dimensional (2D) and waveguide-embedded photonic crystals is reviewed. The investigated systems are 2D macroporous silicon and photonic crystal slabs based on silicon-on-insulator as well as GaAs/AlGaAs. In all these structures, reflectance at varying angles of incidence allows to determine the dispersion of photonic modes above the light line. For macroporous silicon, reflectance from the side yields a complementary measurement of the photonic gaps. In the GaAs-based system, second-harmonic generation in reflection shows a resonant enhancement when the pump beam is frequency- and momentum-matched to a photonic mode in the slab. A theory of photonic states in waveguide-embedded photonic crystals leads to a determination of mode dispersion and diffraction losses for leaky photonic modes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/131447
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