This paper describes an innovative bridge column technology for application in seismic regions. The proposed technology combines a precast posttensioned composite steel-concrete hollow-core column, with supplemental energy dissipation, in a way to minimize postearthquake residual lateral displacements. The column consists of two steel cylindrical shells, with high-performance concrete cast in between. Both shells act as permanent formwork; the outer shell substitutes for the longitudinal and transverse reinforcement, because it works in composite action with the concrete, whereas the inner shell removes unnecessary concrete volume from the column, prevents concrete implosion, and prevents buckling of energy dissipating dowels when embedded in the concrete. Large inelastic rotations can be accommodated at the end joints with minimal structural damage, since gaps are allowed to open at these locations and to close upon load reversal. Longitudinal posttensioned high-strength steel threaded bars, designed to respond elastically, in combination with gravity forces ensure self-centering behavior. Internal or external steel devices provide energy dissipation by axial yielding. This paper describes the main requirements for the design of these columns and also discusses the experimental findings from two quasi-static tests.

Seismic behavior of posttensioned self-centering precast concrete dual-shell steel columns

Guerrini Gabriele
;
2015-01-01

Abstract

This paper describes an innovative bridge column technology for application in seismic regions. The proposed technology combines a precast posttensioned composite steel-concrete hollow-core column, with supplemental energy dissipation, in a way to minimize postearthquake residual lateral displacements. The column consists of two steel cylindrical shells, with high-performance concrete cast in between. Both shells act as permanent formwork; the outer shell substitutes for the longitudinal and transverse reinforcement, because it works in composite action with the concrete, whereas the inner shell removes unnecessary concrete volume from the column, prevents concrete implosion, and prevents buckling of energy dissipating dowels when embedded in the concrete. Large inelastic rotations can be accommodated at the end joints with minimal structural damage, since gaps are allowed to open at these locations and to close upon load reversal. Longitudinal posttensioned high-strength steel threaded bars, designed to respond elastically, in combination with gravity forces ensure self-centering behavior. Internal or external steel devices provide energy dissipation by axial yielding. This paper describes the main requirements for the design of these columns and also discusses the experimental findings from two quasi-static tests.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1321566
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