Acinetobacter species assigned to the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii (Acb) complex, are Gram-negative bacteria responsible for a large number of human infections. The population structure of Acb has been studied using two 7-gene MLST schemes, introduced by Bartual and coworkers (Oxford scheme) and by Diancourt and coworkers (Pasteur scheme). The schemes have three genes in common but underlie two coexisting nomenclatures of sequence types and clonal complexes, which complicates communication on A. baumannii genotypes. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of the two schemes to make a recommendation about their usage. Using genome sequences of 730 strains of the Acb complex, we evaluated the phylogenetic congruence of MLST schemes, the correspondence between sequence types, their discriminative power and genotyping reliability from genomic sequences. In silico ST re-assignments highlighted the presence of a duplication in the Oxford gdhB locus, present in 551/730 genomes that has led to the creation of artefactual profiles and STs. The reliability of the two MLST schemes was tested statistically comparing MLST-based phylogenies to two reference phylogenies (core-genome genes and genome-wide SNPs) using topology-based and likelihood-based tests. Additionally, each MLST gene fragment was evaluated by correlating the pairwise nucleotide distances between each pair of genomes calculated on the core-genome and on each single gene fragment. The Pasteur scheme appears to be less discriminant among closely related isolates, but less affected by homologous …

Comparative analysis of the two Acinetobacter baumannii multilocus sequence typing (MLST) schemes

Gaiarsa S.;BATISTI BIFFIGNANDI, GHERARD;Castelli M.;Sassera D.;Zarrilli R.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Acinetobacter species assigned to the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii (Acb) complex, are Gram-negative bacteria responsible for a large number of human infections. The population structure of Acb has been studied using two 7-gene MLST schemes, introduced by Bartual and coworkers (Oxford scheme) and by Diancourt and coworkers (Pasteur scheme). The schemes have three genes in common but underlie two coexisting nomenclatures of sequence types and clonal complexes, which complicates communication on A. baumannii genotypes. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of the two schemes to make a recommendation about their usage. Using genome sequences of 730 strains of the Acb complex, we evaluated the phylogenetic congruence of MLST schemes, the correspondence between sequence types, their discriminative power and genotyping reliability from genomic sequences. In silico ST re-assignments highlighted the presence of a duplication in the Oxford gdhB locus, present in 551/730 genomes that has led to the creation of artefactual profiles and STs. The reliability of the two MLST schemes was tested statistically comparing MLST-based phylogenies to two reference phylogenies (core-genome genes and genome-wide SNPs) using topology-based and likelihood-based tests. Additionally, each MLST gene fragment was evaluated by correlating the pairwise nucleotide distances between each pair of genomes calculated on the core-genome and on each single gene fragment. The Pasteur scheme appears to be less discriminant among closely related isolates, but less affected by homologous …
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1321866
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