Ganglioside GM3, belonging to glycosphingolipid family, has been known as tumor-associated carbohydrate antigen on several types of tumor. Many studies have revealed that GM3 plays a role in cell proliferation, adhesion and differentiation, which is crucial in the process of cancer development. In the present study, we firstly synthesized novel mannose-containing GM3 analogues by enzymatic hydrolysis and chemical procedures. Then the antiproliferative activity of the novel analogues along with galactose-containing analogues we prepared previously was investigated and the data demonstrated that these analogues exhibited antiproliferative effect on K562 and HCT116 cells. Finally, the influence of these analogues on tumor cell migration was studied on B16, B16-F10 and HCCLM3 cells by wound healing test, because the migration of tumor cells represents one of the relevant factors in assessing the malignancy of cancer. This study could lay the foundation for optimizing leading compounds and provide valuable information for finding new antitumor drugs for cancer therapy.

Chemoenzymatically synthesized ganglioside GM3 analogues with inhibitory effects on tumor cell growth and migration

Teodora Bavaro;Marco Terreni;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Ganglioside GM3, belonging to glycosphingolipid family, has been known as tumor-associated carbohydrate antigen on several types of tumor. Many studies have revealed that GM3 plays a role in cell proliferation, adhesion and differentiation, which is crucial in the process of cancer development. In the present study, we firstly synthesized novel mannose-containing GM3 analogues by enzymatic hydrolysis and chemical procedures. Then the antiproliferative activity of the novel analogues along with galactose-containing analogues we prepared previously was investigated and the data demonstrated that these analogues exhibited antiproliferative effect on K562 and HCT116 cells. Finally, the influence of these analogues on tumor cell migration was studied on B16, B16-F10 and HCCLM3 cells by wound healing test, because the migration of tumor cells represents one of the relevant factors in assessing the malignancy of cancer. This study could lay the foundation for optimizing leading compounds and provide valuable information for finding new antitumor drugs for cancer therapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1323846
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