Structural failure of existing unreinforced masonry buildings, when subjected to earthquake loading, is often caused by the out-of-plane response of masonry walls. Their out-of-plane resistance could vary considerably depending on several factors, such as boundary conditions, vertical overburden and construction technique. Amongst the latter, the cavity wall system, originally introduced in Northwest Europe in the 19th century and then spread to several countries including USA, Canada, China, Australia and New Zealand, has been shown to be particularly vulnerable towards out-of-plane actions. In this work, the use of the Applied Element Method was investigated and subsequently considered for reproducing the experimentally observed out-of-plane shake-table response of unreinforced masonry full-scale cavity wall specimens subjected to both one-way and two-way bending. Finally, given the adequate results obtained and aimed at investigating further both potential limits and actual capabilities of the adopted modelling strategy, the latter was also extended to the simulation of the dynamic out-of-plane-governed failure mode of a full-scale building specimen tested up to complete collapse.

Numerical modelling of the out-of-plane response of full-scale brick masonry prototypes subjected to incremental dynamic shake-table tests

Malomo D.;Pinho R.;Penna A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Structural failure of existing unreinforced masonry buildings, when subjected to earthquake loading, is often caused by the out-of-plane response of masonry walls. Their out-of-plane resistance could vary considerably depending on several factors, such as boundary conditions, vertical overburden and construction technique. Amongst the latter, the cavity wall system, originally introduced in Northwest Europe in the 19th century and then spread to several countries including USA, Canada, China, Australia and New Zealand, has been shown to be particularly vulnerable towards out-of-plane actions. In this work, the use of the Applied Element Method was investigated and subsequently considered for reproducing the experimentally observed out-of-plane shake-table response of unreinforced masonry full-scale cavity wall specimens subjected to both one-way and two-way bending. Finally, given the adequate results obtained and aimed at investigating further both potential limits and actual capabilities of the adopted modelling strategy, the latter was also extended to the simulation of the dynamic out-of-plane-governed failure mode of a full-scale building specimen tested up to complete collapse.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1327729
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 27
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 25
social impact