Monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) is an outer mitochondrial membrane protein that oxidizes arylalkylamine neurotransmitters and has been a valuable drug target for many neurological disorders. The 1.7 angstrom resolution structure of human MAO B shows the enzyme is dimeric with a C-terminal transmembrane helix protruding from each monomer and anchoring the protein to the membrane. This helix departs perpendicularly from the base of the structure in a different way with respect to other monotopic membrane proteins. Several apolar loops exposed on the protein surface are located in proximity of the C-terminal helix, providing additional membrane-binding interactions. One of these loops (residues 99-112) also functions in opening and closing the MAO B active site cavity, which suggests that the membrane may have a role in controlling substrate binding.

Crystal structure of human monoamine oxidase B, a drug target enzyme monotopically inserted into the mitochondrial outer membrane

BINDA, CLAUDIA;MATTEVI, ANDREA
2004-01-01

Abstract

Monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) is an outer mitochondrial membrane protein that oxidizes arylalkylamine neurotransmitters and has been a valuable drug target for many neurological disorders. The 1.7 angstrom resolution structure of human MAO B shows the enzyme is dimeric with a C-terminal transmembrane helix protruding from each monomer and anchoring the protein to the membrane. This helix departs perpendicularly from the base of the structure in a different way with respect to other monotopic membrane proteins. Several apolar loops exposed on the protein surface are located in proximity of the C-terminal helix, providing additional membrane-binding interactions. One of these loops (residues 99-112) also functions in opening and closing the MAO B active site cavity, which suggests that the membrane may have a role in controlling substrate binding.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/133424
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