Ca2+ ions play a pivotal role in inner ear hair cells as they are involved from the mechano-electrical transduction to the transmitter release. Most of the Ca2+ that enters into hair cells via mechano-transduction and voltage-gated channels is extruded by the plasma membrane Ca-ATPases (PMCAs) that operate in both apical and basal cellular compartments. Here, we determined the identity and distribution of PMCA isoforms in frog crista ampullaris: we showed that PMCA1, PMCA2 and PMCA3 are expressed, while PMCA4 appears to be negligible. We also identify PMCA1bx, PMCA2av and PMCA2bv as the major splice variants produced from PMCA1 and PMCA2 genes. PMCA2av appears to be the major Ca2+-pump operating at the apical pole of the cell, even if PMCA1b is also expressed in the stereocilia. PMCA1bx is, instead, the principal PMCA of hair cells basolateral compartment, where it is expressed together with PMCA2 (probably PMCA2bv) and PMCA3. Frog crista ampullaris hair cells lack a Na/Ca exchanger, therefore PMCAs are the only mechanism of Ca2+ extrusion. The coexpression of specific isozymes in the different cellular compartments responds to the need of a fine regulation of both basal and dynamic Ca2+ levels at the apical and basal pole of the cell.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.