Aims Coronavirus disease (Covid-19) could lead persons with pre-existing medical conditions to severe respiratory infections. The Italian Government introduced quarantine to limit viral transmission. This measure could lead people with type 1 diabetes (PWT1D) to disrupt daily care routine including PA practice with difficulties in glycemia management. This study aims to explore PA level in PWT1D before and during quarantine and to describe variation in glycemia values. Methods An online survey investigating medical factors and the perceived and PA level in pre-established period before and after the introduction of quarantine was developed. Comparison between pre and post quarantine was assessed by Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test for continuous variables. Results A total of 154 subjects satisfied the eligibility criteria (54.5% males, 44.8±12.5 years). We found a decrease of PA level (Godin Scale Score 25±1.7vs38.6±1.7 points), steps number and minutes of exercise (respectively 12.606±5026vs4.760±3.145 and 66±4vs38±3) and an increase of glycemia values (142.1± 25.4 mg/dLvs150.8±29.4 mg/dL) Conclusions PWT1D reported a decrease in exercise and worst glycemia. Although PWT1D tried to remain active, their PA level was inadequate to prevent glycemia rising. The difficult to maintain a glycemic control could expose patients to diabetes complications and to an higher risk to counteract infections.

Coronavirus disease (Covid-19): how does the exercise practice in active people with Type 1 Diabetes change? A preliminary survey

Vittoria Carnevale Pellino;Mariangela Valentina Puci;Ottavia Eleonora Ferraro;Nicola Lovecchio;Matteo Vandoni
2020-01-01

Abstract

Aims Coronavirus disease (Covid-19) could lead persons with pre-existing medical conditions to severe respiratory infections. The Italian Government introduced quarantine to limit viral transmission. This measure could lead people with type 1 diabetes (PWT1D) to disrupt daily care routine including PA practice with difficulties in glycemia management. This study aims to explore PA level in PWT1D before and during quarantine and to describe variation in glycemia values. Methods An online survey investigating medical factors and the perceived and PA level in pre-established period before and after the introduction of quarantine was developed. Comparison between pre and post quarantine was assessed by Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test for continuous variables. Results A total of 154 subjects satisfied the eligibility criteria (54.5% males, 44.8±12.5 years). We found a decrease of PA level (Godin Scale Score 25±1.7vs38.6±1.7 points), steps number and minutes of exercise (respectively 12.606±5026vs4.760±3.145 and 66±4vs38±3) and an increase of glycemia values (142.1± 25.4 mg/dLvs150.8±29.4 mg/dL) Conclusions PWT1D reported a decrease in exercise and worst glycemia. Although PWT1D tried to remain active, their PA level was inadequate to prevent glycemia rising. The difficult to maintain a glycemic control could expose patients to diabetes complications and to an higher risk to counteract infections.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1342980
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