Introduction: Severe pediatric asthma is associated with significant morbidity as well as with a high economic burden. It represents a heterogeneous disease with multiple clinical phenotypes. Currently, physicians are facing the challenge to provide a ‘personalized medicine approach’, which is tailored to the diverse pathomechanisms underlying clinical presentations. Three main endotypes of airway inflammation have been described in children with severe asthma. While neutrophilic and paucigranulocytic inflammatory patterns are quite uncommon in childhood, type Th2 inflammation asthma with elevated IgE is the most prevalent in pediatric asthma. Considering the pivotal role of IgE in type Th2 inflammation asthma, the blockade of IgE using anti-IgE therapy represents a potent therapeutic option for severe pediatric asthma in children. Areas covered: This review aims to focus on the role of omalizumab as a treatment option in pediatric patients (aged six years and above) with severe allergic asthma. Expert opinion: The clinical efficacy and safety of omalizumab for the treatment of pediatric asthma is well documented in clinical trials and observational studies. Further studies are still required to characterize the potential benefit of anti-IgE therapy in airway remodeling, identify additional biomarkers of clinical response and address current unmet needs, including the limit on omalizumab use in children younger than six years.

Pediatric use of omalizumab for allergic asthma

Castagnoli R.;Licari A.;Marseglia G. L.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Severe pediatric asthma is associated with significant morbidity as well as with a high economic burden. It represents a heterogeneous disease with multiple clinical phenotypes. Currently, physicians are facing the challenge to provide a ‘personalized medicine approach’, which is tailored to the diverse pathomechanisms underlying clinical presentations. Three main endotypes of airway inflammation have been described in children with severe asthma. While neutrophilic and paucigranulocytic inflammatory patterns are quite uncommon in childhood, type Th2 inflammation asthma with elevated IgE is the most prevalent in pediatric asthma. Considering the pivotal role of IgE in type Th2 inflammation asthma, the blockade of IgE using anti-IgE therapy represents a potent therapeutic option for severe pediatric asthma in children. Areas covered: This review aims to focus on the role of omalizumab as a treatment option in pediatric patients (aged six years and above) with severe allergic asthma. Expert opinion: The clinical efficacy and safety of omalizumab for the treatment of pediatric asthma is well documented in clinical trials and observational studies. Further studies are still required to characterize the potential benefit of anti-IgE therapy in airway remodeling, identify additional biomarkers of clinical response and address current unmet needs, including the limit on omalizumab use in children younger than six years.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1344456
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