Ruxolitinib is effective in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) but can cause reactivation of silent infections. We aimed at evaluating viral load and T-cell responses to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in a cohort of 25 MPN patients treated with ruxolitinib. EBV-DNA and HCMV-DNA were quantified monthly using real-time polimerase chain reaction (PCR) on peripheral blood samples, and T-cell subsets were analyzed by flowcytometry. HCMV and EBV-directed T-cell responses were evaluated using the IFN-γ ELISPOT assay. Most patients had CD4+ and/or CD8+ T-cells below the normal range; these reductions were related to the duration of ruxolitinib treatment. In fact, reduced T-lymphocytes' subsets were found in 93% of patients treated for ≥5 years and in 45% of those treated for <5 years (P =.021). The former also had lower median numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ cells. Subclinical reactivation of EBV and HCMV occurred in 76% and 8% of patients. We observed a trend to an inverse relationship between EBV and CMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses and viral load, and a trend to an inverse correlation with ruxolitinib dose. Therefore, our data suggest that the ruxolitinib treatment may interfere with immunosurveillance against EBV and HCMV.

Impaired virus-specific T cell responses in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms treated with ruxolitinib

Rumi E.;Sant'Antonio E.;Cavalloni C.;Comolli G.;Cassaniti I.;Trotti C.;Ciboddo M.;Vanni D.;Favaron C.;Baldanti F.;Arcaini L.;Cazzola M.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Ruxolitinib is effective in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) but can cause reactivation of silent infections. We aimed at evaluating viral load and T-cell responses to human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in a cohort of 25 MPN patients treated with ruxolitinib. EBV-DNA and HCMV-DNA were quantified monthly using real-time polimerase chain reaction (PCR) on peripheral blood samples, and T-cell subsets were analyzed by flowcytometry. HCMV and EBV-directed T-cell responses were evaluated using the IFN-γ ELISPOT assay. Most patients had CD4+ and/or CD8+ T-cells below the normal range; these reductions were related to the duration of ruxolitinib treatment. In fact, reduced T-lymphocytes' subsets were found in 93% of patients treated for ≥5 years and in 45% of those treated for <5 years (P =.021). The former also had lower median numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ cells. Subclinical reactivation of EBV and HCMV occurred in 76% and 8% of patients. We observed a trend to an inverse relationship between EBV and CMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses and viral load, and a trend to an inverse correlation with ruxolitinib dose. Therefore, our data suggest that the ruxolitinib treatment may interfere with immunosurveillance against EBV and HCMV.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1345303
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