Resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a natural phytoalexin found in grapes and wine, which shows antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. In this study we have investigated whether these properties are dependent on similar or different structural determinants of the molecule. To this purpose, resveratrol derivatives, in which all or each single hydroxylic function were selectively substituted with methyl groups, were synthesized. Analogues with the stilbenic double bond reduced or with the stereoisometry modified were also investigated. The antioxidant activity of these compounds was evaluated by measuring the inhibition of citronellal thermo-oxidation, or the reduction of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical. In addition, the protection against lipid peroxidation was determined in rat liver microsomes, and in human primary cell cultures. The antiproliferative activity was evaluated by a clonogenic assay, and by analysis of cell cycle progression and DNA synthesis. The results showed that the hydroxyl group in 4' position is not the sole determinant for antioxidant activity. In contrast, the presence of 4'-OH together with stereoisometry in the trans-conformation (4'-hydroxystyryl moiety) was absolutely required for inhibition of cell proliferation. Enzymatic assays in vitro demonstrated that inhibition of DNA synthesis was induced by a direct interaction of resveratrol with DNA polymerases alpha and delta.

Specific structural determinants are responsible for the antioxidant activity and the cell cycle effects of resveratrol.

STIVALA, LUCIA ANNA;SAVIO, MONICA;PERUCCA, PAOLA;BIANCHI, LIVIA;ALBINI, ANGELO;VANNINI, VANIO
2001-01-01

Abstract

Resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a natural phytoalexin found in grapes and wine, which shows antioxidant and antiproliferative activities. In this study we have investigated whether these properties are dependent on similar or different structural determinants of the molecule. To this purpose, resveratrol derivatives, in which all or each single hydroxylic function were selectively substituted with methyl groups, were synthesized. Analogues with the stilbenic double bond reduced or with the stereoisometry modified were also investigated. The antioxidant activity of these compounds was evaluated by measuring the inhibition of citronellal thermo-oxidation, or the reduction of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical. In addition, the protection against lipid peroxidation was determined in rat liver microsomes, and in human primary cell cultures. The antiproliferative activity was evaluated by a clonogenic assay, and by analysis of cell cycle progression and DNA synthesis. The results showed that the hydroxyl group in 4' position is not the sole determinant for antioxidant activity. In contrast, the presence of 4'-OH together with stereoisometry in the trans-conformation (4'-hydroxystyryl moiety) was absolutely required for inhibition of cell proliferation. Enzymatic assays in vitro demonstrated that inhibition of DNA synthesis was induced by a direct interaction of resveratrol with DNA polymerases alpha and delta.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/134632
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