BACKGROUND The incidence of abdominal tuberculosis (TB) is increasing in western and developed countries. This pathology has several complications, including free intestinal perforation. The aim of this study was to analytically summarize all the pertinent literature discussing the various treatments for TB-related perforations. METHODS We reviewed the patient database of the Emergency Surgery Department of the Bologna University Hospital, checking the last 13 years. A retrospective review was conducted of all reported cases of intestinal perforation due to intestinal TB published through 3 March 2009. RESULTS 119 cases of abdominal TB presenting with intestinal perforation were published. There are no standardized guidelines regarding the surgical treatment. Of the 119 reported cases, 40 (33.6%) were treated with resection and anastomosis, 17 (14.2%) with direct sutures, 4 (3.3%) with a simple drain, and in 57, the treatment was not reported. CONCLUSION No clinical evidence has been available for analysis to discern the optimal surgical strategy for treating intestinal perforations induced by TB. The direct closure of the perforation typically correlates with poor morbidity and mortality results. The better treatment seems to be the surgical resection of the perforated part with anastomosis. However, pharmacological therapy remains the essential pillar of treatment.

Tubercular bowel perforation: What to do?

Ansaloni L.;
2011

Abstract

BACKGROUND The incidence of abdominal tuberculosis (TB) is increasing in western and developed countries. This pathology has several complications, including free intestinal perforation. The aim of this study was to analytically summarize all the pertinent literature discussing the various treatments for TB-related perforations. METHODS We reviewed the patient database of the Emergency Surgery Department of the Bologna University Hospital, checking the last 13 years. A retrospective review was conducted of all reported cases of intestinal perforation due to intestinal TB published through 3 March 2009. RESULTS 119 cases of abdominal TB presenting with intestinal perforation were published. There are no standardized guidelines regarding the surgical treatment. Of the 119 reported cases, 40 (33.6%) were treated with resection and anastomosis, 17 (14.2%) with direct sutures, 4 (3.3%) with a simple drain, and in 57, the treatment was not reported. CONCLUSION No clinical evidence has been available for analysis to discern the optimal surgical strategy for treating intestinal perforations induced by TB. The direct closure of the perforation typically correlates with poor morbidity and mortality results. The better treatment seems to be the surgical resection of the perforated part with anastomosis. However, pharmacological therapy remains the essential pillar of treatment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1349149
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