Fluvoxamine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, with a half-life of about 30hours, that is commonly prescribed in the treatment of depression and obsessive and compulsive disorders. Though its more favorable adverse effect profile in comparison to tricyclic antidepressants, overdosages could lead to severe central nervous system depression. We hereby report the case of a 48-year-old woman with psychiatric disorders, who died in the Protected Community where she lived. An autopsy, during which multiorgan congestion and aspiration of gastric content were found, was performed 9days after the death. Femoral and cardiac blood, urine and bile were collected for toxicological analysis. GC-MS, LC-MS-MS and LC-HRMS screenings were performed on blood samples. The analysis allowed to identify the following drugs: fluvoxamine, clotiapine, 7-aminoclonazepam, propranolol, gabapentin and haloperidol. Quantification of the detected drugs in blood was performed by means of a validated LC-MS-MS analytical procedure and the following results were achieved: fluvoxamine (2.20mg/L), gabapentin (41.00mg/L), 7-aminoclonazepam (0.24mg/L), clotiapine (0.07mg/L), haloperidol (<0.01mg/L) and propranolol (0.24mg/L). Fluvoxamine concentration in blood exceeded approximately 10 times the upper limit of therapeutic blood levels (0.23mg/L). Contributory causes of death, due to multiple drugs use, however, cannot be excluded. The distribution of fluvoxamine in all biological fluids was evaluated and a postmortem redistribution effect was observed (C/P blood ratio: 1.86). Fluvoxamine acid metabolite was identified in urine, bile and in cardiac blood, through a LC-QTOF analytical procedure.

Distribution of Fluvoxamine and Identification of the Main Metabolite in a Fatal Intoxication

Vignali Claudia;Moretti Matteo;Quaiotti Jessica;Freni Francesca;Tajana Luca;Osculati Antonio Marco Maria;Morini Luca
2020

Abstract

Fluvoxamine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, with a half-life of about 30hours, that is commonly prescribed in the treatment of depression and obsessive and compulsive disorders. Though its more favorable adverse effect profile in comparison to tricyclic antidepressants, overdosages could lead to severe central nervous system depression. We hereby report the case of a 48-year-old woman with psychiatric disorders, who died in the Protected Community where she lived. An autopsy, during which multiorgan congestion and aspiration of gastric content were found, was performed 9days after the death. Femoral and cardiac blood, urine and bile were collected for toxicological analysis. GC-MS, LC-MS-MS and LC-HRMS screenings were performed on blood samples. The analysis allowed to identify the following drugs: fluvoxamine, clotiapine, 7-aminoclonazepam, propranolol, gabapentin and haloperidol. Quantification of the detected drugs in blood was performed by means of a validated LC-MS-MS analytical procedure and the following results were achieved: fluvoxamine (2.20mg/L), gabapentin (41.00mg/L), 7-aminoclonazepam (0.24mg/L), clotiapine (0.07mg/L), haloperidol (<0.01mg/L) and propranolol (0.24mg/L). Fluvoxamine concentration in blood exceeded approximately 10 times the upper limit of therapeutic blood levels (0.23mg/L). Contributory causes of death, due to multiple drugs use, however, cannot be excluded. The distribution of fluvoxamine in all biological fluids was evaluated and a postmortem redistribution effect was observed (C/P blood ratio: 1.86). Fluvoxamine acid metabolite was identified in urine, bile and in cardiac blood, through a LC-QTOF analytical procedure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1351161
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