Magnetite-bearing multiphase solid inclusions hosted in metamorphic olivine have been interpreted as final products of the trapping of the aqueous fluid produced by the subduction-zone dehydration of former serpentinites. We provide here a careful analysis performed by microfocus single-crystal X-ray diffraction of inclusions found in harzburgites from the Almirez Complex (Bétic Cordillera, Spain) to determine the occurrence of preferential crystallographic orientation relationships between the olivine host and the magnetite inclusion. The results demonstrate that the magnetite-olivine interface selectively displays parallelism between crystallographic planes (111) and (100) and between crystallographic directions ⟨110»and ⟨011⟩, respectively. This evidence points to a clear epitaxial growth of magnetite on olivine. The calculation of the geometrical misfit between the two lattices in contact as a function of their relative azimuthal orientation shows that, under the aforementioned reciprocal orientation, a perfect commensurism is achieved; i.e., all of the nodes of the magnetite lattice coincide with nodes of the olivine lattice. This particular relationship must be interpreted as a unique occurrence, playing a fundamental role in favoring the heterogeneous nucleation of magnetite on olivine.

Commensurate Growth of Magnetite Microinclusions in Olivine under Mantle Conditions

Alvaro M.;Scambelluri M.;
2020

Abstract

Magnetite-bearing multiphase solid inclusions hosted in metamorphic olivine have been interpreted as final products of the trapping of the aqueous fluid produced by the subduction-zone dehydration of former serpentinites. We provide here a careful analysis performed by microfocus single-crystal X-ray diffraction of inclusions found in harzburgites from the Almirez Complex (Bétic Cordillera, Spain) to determine the occurrence of preferential crystallographic orientation relationships between the olivine host and the magnetite inclusion. The results demonstrate that the magnetite-olivine interface selectively displays parallelism between crystallographic planes (111) and (100) and between crystallographic directions ⟨110»and ⟨011⟩, respectively. This evidence points to a clear epitaxial growth of magnetite on olivine. The calculation of the geometrical misfit between the two lattices in contact as a function of their relative azimuthal orientation shows that, under the aforementioned reciprocal orientation, a perfect commensurism is achieved; i.e., all of the nodes of the magnetite lattice coincide with nodes of the olivine lattice. This particular relationship must be interpreted as a unique occurrence, playing a fundamental role in favoring the heterogeneous nucleation of magnetite on olivine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1352514
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