The risk of fascial dehiscence, wound infection and incisional hernias in organ recipients is higher. Retrospective analysis of our departments database, checking the last 12 years (2000-2012), and of the literature (1966-2012) were conducted. In our database we found seven patients: five liver (71.4 %), one kidney (14.3 %), one multivisceral (14.3 %); five males (71.4 %), two females (28.6 %). Five (71.4 %) were operated in urgency setting and two in ordinary setting (28.6 %). The mean/median number of laparotomies before the incisional hernia is of 2.1/1 (range 1-5). In five patients swine intestinal submucosa (71.4 %) have been used and in two porcine dermal collagen (28.6 %). The mean/median age was 48.3/52 years (range 18-61). The mean/median body mass index was 26.7/27 (range 19-34). The mean/median for follow-up after intervention was 40.1/33 months (range 50-21). Recurrence rate was 14.3 %. Complication rate was 28.6 %. Adding the present report, the literature reports 70 cases. 20 % of prosthesis have been implanted inlay, 25.7 % underlay, in 5.7 % intraperitoneal and in 48.6 % were not specified. The mean age ranges from 0.7 to 48.3 years. Kidney, liver, pancreas, bowel and multivisceral transplant are reported. Porcine dermal collagen has been implanted in 24.3 %, human dermal collagen in 51.4 % and swine intestinal submucosa in 24.3 %. The immunosuppression regimens comprehend variable associations of tacrolimus, steroids, mycophenolate mofetil, sirolimus, thymoglobulin, azathioprine/basiliximab and daclizumab. The mean follow-up is 16.2 months. The mean complication rate is 9.4 %. Biological prosthesis seems to be useful and safe in abdominal wall repair surgery in transplanted patients. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Italia.

Abdominal wall defect repair with biological prosthesis in transplanted patients: Single center retrospective analysis and review of the literature

Ansaloni L.
2013

Abstract

The risk of fascial dehiscence, wound infection and incisional hernias in organ recipients is higher. Retrospective analysis of our departments database, checking the last 12 years (2000-2012), and of the literature (1966-2012) were conducted. In our database we found seven patients: five liver (71.4 %), one kidney (14.3 %), one multivisceral (14.3 %); five males (71.4 %), two females (28.6 %). Five (71.4 %) were operated in urgency setting and two in ordinary setting (28.6 %). The mean/median number of laparotomies before the incisional hernia is of 2.1/1 (range 1-5). In five patients swine intestinal submucosa (71.4 %) have been used and in two porcine dermal collagen (28.6 %). The mean/median age was 48.3/52 years (range 18-61). The mean/median body mass index was 26.7/27 (range 19-34). The mean/median for follow-up after intervention was 40.1/33 months (range 50-21). Recurrence rate was 14.3 %. Complication rate was 28.6 %. Adding the present report, the literature reports 70 cases. 20 % of prosthesis have been implanted inlay, 25.7 % underlay, in 5.7 % intraperitoneal and in 48.6 % were not specified. The mean age ranges from 0.7 to 48.3 years. Kidney, liver, pancreas, bowel and multivisceral transplant are reported. Porcine dermal collagen has been implanted in 24.3 %, human dermal collagen in 51.4 % and swine intestinal submucosa in 24.3 %. The immunosuppression regimens comprehend variable associations of tacrolimus, steroids, mycophenolate mofetil, sirolimus, thymoglobulin, azathioprine/basiliximab and daclizumab. The mean follow-up is 16.2 months. The mean complication rate is 9.4 %. Biological prosthesis seems to be useful and safe in abdominal wall repair surgery in transplanted patients. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Italia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1352618
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