The application of hybrid photocatalysts made of carbon nitride and lead-free perovskites, namely DMASnBr3/g-C3N4 and PEA2SnBr4 /g-C3N4, for the H2 evolution from saccharides aqueous solution is described. The novel composites were tested and compared in terms of hydrogen evolution rate (HER) under simulated solar light, using Pt as a reference co-catalyst, and glucose as a representative sacrificial biomass. The conditions were optimized to maximize H2 generation by a design of experiments involving catalyst amount, glucose concentration and Pt loading. For both materials, such parameters affected significantly H2 photogeneration, with the best performance observed using 0.5 g L−1 catalyst, 0.2 M glucose and 0.5 wt% Pt. Under optimized conditions, DMASnBr3/g-C3N4 showed a 5-fold higher HER compared to PEA2SnBr4/g-C3N4, i.e., 925 µmoles g−1 h−1 and 190 µmoles g−1 h−1, respectively (RSD ≤ 11%, n = 4). The former composite, which affords an HER 15-fold higher in aqueous glucose than in neat water, provided H2 also with no metal co-catalyst (around 140 µmoles g−1 h−1), and it was reusable for at least three photoreactions. Encouraging results were also collected by explorative tests on raw starch solution (around 150 µmoles g−1 h−1).

Carbon nitride-perovskite composites: Evaluation and optimization of photocatalytic hydrogen evolution in saccharides aqueous solution

Speltini A.
;
Romani L.;Dondi D.;Malavasi L.;Profumo A.
2020

Abstract

The application of hybrid photocatalysts made of carbon nitride and lead-free perovskites, namely DMASnBr3/g-C3N4 and PEA2SnBr4 /g-C3N4, for the H2 evolution from saccharides aqueous solution is described. The novel composites were tested and compared in terms of hydrogen evolution rate (HER) under simulated solar light, using Pt as a reference co-catalyst, and glucose as a representative sacrificial biomass. The conditions were optimized to maximize H2 generation by a design of experiments involving catalyst amount, glucose concentration and Pt loading. For both materials, such parameters affected significantly H2 photogeneration, with the best performance observed using 0.5 g L−1 catalyst, 0.2 M glucose and 0.5 wt% Pt. Under optimized conditions, DMASnBr3/g-C3N4 showed a 5-fold higher HER compared to PEA2SnBr4/g-C3N4, i.e., 925 µmoles g−1 h−1 and 190 µmoles g−1 h−1, respectively (RSD ≤ 11%, n = 4). The former composite, which affords an HER 15-fold higher in aqueous glucose than in neat water, provided H2 also with no metal co-catalyst (around 140 µmoles g−1 h−1), and it was reusable for at least three photoreactions. Encouraging results were also collected by explorative tests on raw starch solution (around 150 µmoles g−1 h−1).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1355754
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