We describe the long-term development of 53 very low birth weight premature infants. The children were divided into 2 groups on the basis of ultrasound scan, and classified as: group I, patients with normal ultrasound scan or with uncomplicated hemorrhage; and group II, patients with complicated hemorrhage or only parenchymal lesions. Minor and major sequelae detected at 2 years of age were compared with those observed at 5 to 7 years. Our study confirms that most severely handicapped children are identified by age 2 years. Minor sequelae are more evident at 5 to 7 years and subjects with good outcome, as expressed by a McCarthy General Cognitive Index score > 80, present a discordant cognitive profile with verbal scores higher than performance scores. Therefore, we emphasize the importance of follow-up of very low birth weight premature infants until school age and stress that neonatal ultrasound scan diagnosis of parenchymal damage represents an important diagnostic tool in terms of both short- and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome.

Neurodevelopmental outcome in very low birth weight infants at 24 months and 5 to 7 years of age: changing diagnosis

ORCESI S;
1997

Abstract

We describe the long-term development of 53 very low birth weight premature infants. The children were divided into 2 groups on the basis of ultrasound scan, and classified as: group I, patients with normal ultrasound scan or with uncomplicated hemorrhage; and group II, patients with complicated hemorrhage or only parenchymal lesions. Minor and major sequelae detected at 2 years of age were compared with those observed at 5 to 7 years. Our study confirms that most severely handicapped children are identified by age 2 years. Minor sequelae are more evident at 5 to 7 years and subjects with good outcome, as expressed by a McCarthy General Cognitive Index score > 80, present a discordant cognitive profile with verbal scores higher than performance scores. Therefore, we emphasize the importance of follow-up of very low birth weight premature infants until school age and stress that neonatal ultrasound scan diagnosis of parenchymal damage represents an important diagnostic tool in terms of both short- and long-term neurodevelopmental outcome.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1359766
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact