Aicardi-Goutières syndrome is a rare encephalopathy of mutational origin characterized by increased levels of interferon alpha in cerebrospinal fluid. The aim of this study was to explore the influence of different Aicardi-Goutières syndrome genotypes on the clinical course of patients, seeking to identify specific gene expression profiles able to explain Aicardi-Goutières syndrome phenotype differences. We detected the occurrence of Aicardi-Goutières syndrome mutations in 21 patients and compared microarray gene-expression data of cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytes with clinical variables. The levels of interferon alpha in cerebrospinal fluid were high in all patients; we found differences in the expression of genes encoding for Toll-like receptor, endogenous RNases, T lymphocyte activation, angiogenesis inhibition, and peripheral interferon alpha production. These results indicate that further to interferon alpha production in the central nervous system, a variety of other pathogenic mechanisms is activated in Aicardi-Goutières syndrome to various degrees in different patients, thus explaining the interindividual difference in Aicardi-Goutières syndrome course.

Different mutations in three prime repair exonuclease 1 and ribonuclease H2 genes affect clinical features in Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome

Orcesi S;
2012

Abstract

Aicardi-Goutières syndrome is a rare encephalopathy of mutational origin characterized by increased levels of interferon alpha in cerebrospinal fluid. The aim of this study was to explore the influence of different Aicardi-Goutières syndrome genotypes on the clinical course of patients, seeking to identify specific gene expression profiles able to explain Aicardi-Goutières syndrome phenotype differences. We detected the occurrence of Aicardi-Goutières syndrome mutations in 21 patients and compared microarray gene-expression data of cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytes with clinical variables. The levels of interferon alpha in cerebrospinal fluid were high in all patients; we found differences in the expression of genes encoding for Toll-like receptor, endogenous RNases, T lymphocyte activation, angiogenesis inhibition, and peripheral interferon alpha production. These results indicate that further to interferon alpha production in the central nervous system, a variety of other pathogenic mechanisms is activated in Aicardi-Goutières syndrome to various degrees in different patients, thus explaining the interindividual difference in Aicardi-Goutières syndrome course.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1359770
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact