This study examined to which extent the lack of the mother's communicative input is associated to the variability of the infant's behavioral and emotional states at a microtemporal level. Two novel non-linear signal-processing metrics were used as regularity indexes during both normal and stressful mother-infant interactions (Face-to-Face Still-Face paradigm): (1) Sample Entropy estimates the presence of epochs of similar states in a data-series, according to a moment-to-moment analysis; (2) Lempel-Ziv Complexity evaluates the occurrence and recurrence of the patterns of analogous states along the data sequence. Fourteen mothers and their healthy full-term 7-month-old infants were video-taped and the infants' socio-emotional behaviors were micro-analytically coded off-line using a .20s time sampling method. During the maternal still-face episodes, when infants were confronted with the perturbation of their caregiver remaining unresponsive, both regularity indexes were lower than in normal interactions. Evidence is provided that non-linear techniques are suitable to detect variability in the infant's states. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Infant's emotional variability associated to interactive stressful situation: A novel analysis approach with Sample Entropy and Lempel-Ziv Complexity

Borgatti R;
2010

Abstract

This study examined to which extent the lack of the mother's communicative input is associated to the variability of the infant's behavioral and emotional states at a microtemporal level. Two novel non-linear signal-processing metrics were used as regularity indexes during both normal and stressful mother-infant interactions (Face-to-Face Still-Face paradigm): (1) Sample Entropy estimates the presence of epochs of similar states in a data-series, according to a moment-to-moment analysis; (2) Lempel-Ziv Complexity evaluates the occurrence and recurrence of the patterns of analogous states along the data sequence. Fourteen mothers and their healthy full-term 7-month-old infants were video-taped and the infants' socio-emotional behaviors were micro-analytically coded off-line using a .20s time sampling method. During the maternal still-face episodes, when infants were confronted with the perturbation of their caregiver remaining unresponsive, both regularity indexes were lower than in normal interactions. Evidence is provided that non-linear techniques are suitable to detect variability in the infant's states. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1360062
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