The molecular chaperone TRAP1 is the mitochondrial paralog of Hsp90 and is overexpressed in many cancer cells. The orthosteric ATP-binding site of TRAP1 has been considered the primary inhibitor binding location, but TRAP1 allosteric modulators have not yet been investigated. Here, we generated and characterized the Hsp90 inhibitor PU-H71, conjugated to the mitochondrial delivery vehicle triphenylphosphonium (TPP) with a C10 carbon spacer, named SMTIN-C10, to enable dual binding to orthosteric and allosteric sites. In addition to tight binding with the ATP-binding site through the PU-H71 moiety, SMTIN-C10 interacts with the E115 residue in the N-terminal domain through the TPP moiety and subsequently induces structural transition of TRAP1 to a tightly packed closed form. The data indicate the existence of a druggable allosteric site neighboring the orthosteric ATP pocket that can be exploited to develop potent TRAP1 modulators.

Dual Binding to Orthosteric and Allosteric Sites Enhances the Anticancer Activity of a TRAP1-Targeting Drug

Colombo G.
Conceptualization
;
2020

Abstract

The molecular chaperone TRAP1 is the mitochondrial paralog of Hsp90 and is overexpressed in many cancer cells. The orthosteric ATP-binding site of TRAP1 has been considered the primary inhibitor binding location, but TRAP1 allosteric modulators have not yet been investigated. Here, we generated and characterized the Hsp90 inhibitor PU-H71, conjugated to the mitochondrial delivery vehicle triphenylphosphonium (TPP) with a C10 carbon spacer, named SMTIN-C10, to enable dual binding to orthosteric and allosteric sites. In addition to tight binding with the ATP-binding site through the PU-H71 moiety, SMTIN-C10 interacts with the E115 residue in the N-terminal domain through the TPP moiety and subsequently induces structural transition of TRAP1 to a tightly packed closed form. The data indicate the existence of a druggable allosteric site neighboring the orthosteric ATP pocket that can be exploited to develop potent TRAP1 modulators.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1360835
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