We report the detection of multidrug resistant ESbetaL producing Proteus mirabilis isolates from a long-term care and rehabilitation facility (LTCRF) in Northern Italy. 53% of the collected P. mirabilis strains were ESbetaL producers. PCR and sequencing techniques confirmed the presence of the bla(TEM-92) and bla(CMY-16) resistance genes in 23/26 (88.5%) and 3/26 (11.5%) of the ESbetaL producers respectively. PFGE showed that the TEM-92 beta-lactamase producing isolates were not clonally related, indicating the presence of at least four different clonal lineages (A, B, C, D), whereas all the CMY-16 enzyme producers belonged in the same lineage. The bla(TEM-92) and bla(CYY-16) determinants were distributed in seven different wards, but in three of them they coexisted. Our results show that the most patients are co-colonized by ESbetaLs producing P. mirabilis strains at the time of admission to an LTCRF. An effective strategy to curtail the spread of ESbetaLs mediated resistance in LTCRFs could be to activate sourveillance programs to monitor routinely the entry of resistant bacteria.

Molecular epidemiology of ESβL producing P. mirabilis strains from a long-term care and rehabilitation facility in Italy

MIGLIAVACCA, ROBERTA;NUCLEO, ELISABETTA;SPALLA, MELISSA;PAGANI, LAURA
2007

Abstract

We report the detection of multidrug resistant ESbetaL producing Proteus mirabilis isolates from a long-term care and rehabilitation facility (LTCRF) in Northern Italy. 53% of the collected P. mirabilis strains were ESbetaL producers. PCR and sequencing techniques confirmed the presence of the bla(TEM-92) and bla(CMY-16) resistance genes in 23/26 (88.5%) and 3/26 (11.5%) of the ESbetaL producers respectively. PFGE showed that the TEM-92 beta-lactamase producing isolates were not clonally related, indicating the presence of at least four different clonal lineages (A, B, C, D), whereas all the CMY-16 enzyme producers belonged in the same lineage. The bla(TEM-92) and bla(CYY-16) determinants were distributed in seven different wards, but in three of them they coexisted. Our results show that the most patients are co-colonized by ESbetaLs producing P. mirabilis strains at the time of admission to an LTCRF. An effective strategy to curtail the spread of ESbetaLs mediated resistance in LTCRFs could be to activate sourveillance programs to monitor routinely the entry of resistant bacteria.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/136716
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