The combination between dyshomeostatic levels of catecholamine neurotransmitters and redox-active metals such as copper and iron exacerbates the oxidative stress condition that typically affects neurodegenerative diseases. We report a comparative study of the oxidative reactivity of copper complexes with amyloid-β (Aβ40) and the prion peptide fragment 76-114 (PrP76-114), containing the high-affinity binding site, toward dopamine and 4-methylcatechol, in aqueous buffer and in sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles, as a model membrane environment. The competitive oxidative and covalent modifications undergone by the peptides were also evaluated. The high binding affinity of Cu/peptide to micelles and lipid membranes leads to a strong reduction (Aβ40) and quenching (PrP76-114) of the oxidative efficiency of the binary complexes and to a stabilization and redox silencing of the ternary complex CuII/Aβ40/PrP76-114, which is highly reactive in solution. The results improve our understanding of the pathological and protective effects associated with these complexes, depending on the physiological environment.

Membrane Binding Strongly Affecting the Dopamine Reactivity Induced by Copper Prion and Copper/Amyloid-β (Aβ) Peptides. A Ternary Copper/Aβ/Prion Peptide Complex Stabilized and Solubilized in Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Micelles

Bacchella C.;Nicolis S.;Dell'acqua S.;Monzani E.
;
Casella L.
2020

Abstract

The combination between dyshomeostatic levels of catecholamine neurotransmitters and redox-active metals such as copper and iron exacerbates the oxidative stress condition that typically affects neurodegenerative diseases. We report a comparative study of the oxidative reactivity of copper complexes with amyloid-β (Aβ40) and the prion peptide fragment 76-114 (PrP76-114), containing the high-affinity binding site, toward dopamine and 4-methylcatechol, in aqueous buffer and in sodium dodecyl sulfate micelles, as a model membrane environment. The competitive oxidative and covalent modifications undergone by the peptides were also evaluated. The high binding affinity of Cu/peptide to micelles and lipid membranes leads to a strong reduction (Aβ40) and quenching (PrP76-114) of the oxidative efficiency of the binary complexes and to a stabilization and redox silencing of the ternary complex CuII/Aβ40/PrP76-114, which is highly reactive in solution. The results improve our understanding of the pathological and protective effects associated with these complexes, depending on the physiological environment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1370186
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