Purpose Aerobic exercise prescription is often based on a linear relationship between pulmonary oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate (HR). The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that during constant work rate (CWR) exercises at different intensities, the slow component of HR kinetics occurs at lower work rate and is more pronounced that the slow component of VO2 kinetics. Methods Seventeen male (age, 27 ± 4 yr) subjects performed on a cycle ergometer an incremental exercise to voluntary exhaustion and several CWR exercises: 1) moderate CWR exercises, below gas exchange threshold (GET); 2) heavy CWR exercise, at 45% of the difference between GET and VO2 peak (Δ); 3) severe CWR exercise, at 95% of Δ; 4) "HRCLAMPED" exercise in which work rate was continuously adjusted to maintain a constant HR, slightly higher than that determined at GET. Breath-by-breath VO2, HR, and other variables were determined. Results In moderate CWR exercises, no slow component of VO2 kinetics was observed, whereas a slow component with a relative amplitude (with respect to the total response) of 24.8 ± 11.0% was observed for HR kinetics. During heavy CWR exercise, the relative amplitude of the HR slow component was more pronounced than that for VO2 (31.6 ± 11.2% and 23.3 ± 9.0%, respectively). During HRCLAMPED, the decrease in work rate (14%) needed to maintain a constant HR was associated with a decreased VO2 (10%). Conclusions The HR slow component occurred at a lower work rate and was more pronounced than the VO2 slow component. Exercise prescriptions at specific HR values, when carried out for periods longer than a few minutes, could lead to premature fatigue.

Comparison between slow components of HR and VO2 kinetics: Functional significance

Porcelli S.;
2018

Abstract

Purpose Aerobic exercise prescription is often based on a linear relationship between pulmonary oxygen consumption (VO2) and heart rate (HR). The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that during constant work rate (CWR) exercises at different intensities, the slow component of HR kinetics occurs at lower work rate and is more pronounced that the slow component of VO2 kinetics. Methods Seventeen male (age, 27 ± 4 yr) subjects performed on a cycle ergometer an incremental exercise to voluntary exhaustion and several CWR exercises: 1) moderate CWR exercises, below gas exchange threshold (GET); 2) heavy CWR exercise, at 45% of the difference between GET and VO2 peak (Δ); 3) severe CWR exercise, at 95% of Δ; 4) "HRCLAMPED" exercise in which work rate was continuously adjusted to maintain a constant HR, slightly higher than that determined at GET. Breath-by-breath VO2, HR, and other variables were determined. Results In moderate CWR exercises, no slow component of VO2 kinetics was observed, whereas a slow component with a relative amplitude (with respect to the total response) of 24.8 ± 11.0% was observed for HR kinetics. During heavy CWR exercise, the relative amplitude of the HR slow component was more pronounced than that for VO2 (31.6 ± 11.2% and 23.3 ± 9.0%, respectively). During HRCLAMPED, the decrease in work rate (14%) needed to maintain a constant HR was associated with a decreased VO2 (10%). Conclusions The HR slow component occurred at a lower work rate and was more pronounced than the VO2 slow component. Exercise prescriptions at specific HR values, when carried out for periods longer than a few minutes, could lead to premature fatigue.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1371109
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