In this study, a sensitive and multiclass method has been developed for analysis of three families of steroid hormones, i.e. progestins, oestrogens, androgens, by SPE-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. The extraction efficiency of thermally condensed humic acids onto silica sorbent (HA-C@silica), here for the first time studied for multiclass enrichment of these sex hormones, was tested in different environmental waters (tap and river water, urban wastewater treatment plant effluent) spiked at the nanograms per litre levels (5–1000 ng L−1). Quantitative adsorption was achieved using 200 mg sorbent for preconcentration of 250–1000 mL sample, at the native pH (pH = 6.5–7.7). Elution was performed by two sequential fractions (methanol followed by acetonitrile), obtaining in all the matrices investigated satisfactory recoveries (71% to 124% for river waters and 71–113% for urban wastewater treatment plant effluent) and RSDs below 15% (n = 3). The high enrichment factors (up to 4000) coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry quantification (MRM mode) provided low limits of detection and quantification (a few ng L−1), that are suitable for environmental monitoring. Most of the analytes were detected in river water and in wastewater effluent samples (in the ng L−1 concentration range), attesting their environmental diffusion. The proposed method was extended to a fourth class, Glucocorticoids, achieving good results in river samples, by the same SPE cartridge and chromatographic run.

HPLC-MS/MS multiclass determination of steroid hormones in environmental waters after preconcentration on the carbonaceous sorbent HA-C@silica

Merlo F.;Speltini A.;Maraschi F.;Sturini M.;Profumo A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

In this study, a sensitive and multiclass method has been developed for analysis of three families of steroid hormones, i.e. progestins, oestrogens, androgens, by SPE-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. The extraction efficiency of thermally condensed humic acids onto silica sorbent (HA-C@silica), here for the first time studied for multiclass enrichment of these sex hormones, was tested in different environmental waters (tap and river water, urban wastewater treatment plant effluent) spiked at the nanograms per litre levels (5–1000 ng L−1). Quantitative adsorption was achieved using 200 mg sorbent for preconcentration of 250–1000 mL sample, at the native pH (pH = 6.5–7.7). Elution was performed by two sequential fractions (methanol followed by acetonitrile), obtaining in all the matrices investigated satisfactory recoveries (71% to 124% for river waters and 71–113% for urban wastewater treatment plant effluent) and RSDs below 15% (n = 3). The high enrichment factors (up to 4000) coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry quantification (MRM mode) provided low limits of detection and quantification (a few ng L−1), that are suitable for environmental monitoring. Most of the analytes were detected in river water and in wastewater effluent samples (in the ng L−1 concentration range), attesting their environmental diffusion. The proposed method was extended to a fourth class, Glucocorticoids, achieving good results in river samples, by the same SPE cartridge and chromatographic run.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/1372984
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