This article presents different physical arrangements of filters using conical posts as the basic element of design. The proposed resonator is similar to that of the classical combline filter, however, in this case, a conical post (truncated cone) is exploited. A hollowed enclosure is positioned on top of a rectangular metallic cavity for housing the upper part of the conical resonating post. Considering that the post upper radius is smaller than the post lower radius, an enclosure having the same dimensions as the resonating post can be taken. This results in a housing that can also work as an additional resonator for another cavity. As a result, cavities can be piled in a vertical arrangement and the conical post of each cavity is also used for housing the post of the cavity below it. Mixed vertically and/or horizontally arrangements are also feasible. More compact structures can be achieved with the possibility to obtain different footprints while maintaining similar unloaded Q -factors than conventional combline filters. The structure also has the advantage of having a wider spurious-free range than the classical combline filter configuration (cylindrical post inside a rectangular cavity). Enhanced responses with higher rejections are also possible thanks to the introduction of transmission zeros. Several different filter configurations are presented in this article: 3-order filter and 4-order filter. The design procedure is explained for both of them. A 4-order filter has been manufactured using additive manufacturing techniques and measured in order to validate the proposed structure.
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