The Hsp90 chaperone system interacts with a wide spectrum of client proteins, forming variable and dynamic multiprotein complexes that involve the intervention of cochaperone partners. Recent results suggest that the role of Hsp90 complexes is to establish interactions that suppress unwanted client activities, allow clients to be protected from degradation and respond to biochemical signals. Cryo-electron microscopy (cryoEM) provided the first key molecular picture of Hsp90 in complex with a kinase, Cdk4, and a cochaperone, Cdc37. Here, we use a combination of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and advanced comparative analysis methods to elucidate key aspects of the functional dynamics of the complex, with different nucleotides bound at the N-terminal Domain of Hsp90. The results reveal that nucleotide-dependent structural modulations reverberate in a striking asymmetry of the dynamics of Hsp90 and identify specific patterns of long-range coordination between the nucleotide binding site, the client binding pocket, the cochaperone and the client. Our model establishes a direct atomic-resolution cross-talk between the ATP-binding site, the client region that is to be remodeled and the surfaces of the Cdc37-cochaperone.
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