Background: The optimal antithrombotic regimen in patients with a concomitant indication for oral anticoagulation (OAT) presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. Objectives: To perform a network meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating different antithrombotic regimens among patients with ACS or undergoing PCI requiring OAT. Methods: Network meta-analysis was performed in a frequentist framework. Antithrombotic regimens were categorized by OAC type (vitamin K antagonist-based [VKA]; non-VKA OAT [NOAC]) and antiplatelet agents (P2Y inhibitor only: dual therapy [DAT]; P2Y plus aspirin: triple therapy [TAT]). Safety outcomes were Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major bleeding and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Efficacy outcomes were cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke and stent-thrombosis (ST). Results: Five RCTs were included, encompassing 10,797 patients (atrial fibrillation 69–100%, ACS 28–62%, PCI 77–100%). Both VKA and NOAC-based DAT regimens reduced the occurrence of TIMI major bleeding compared to VKA TAT (VKA DAT: RR 0.62, 95% CI 0.39–0.98; NOAC DAT: RR 0.52, 95% CI 0.39–0.70). Nevertheless, only NOAC DAT significantly reduced the occurrence of ICH compared to VKA TAT (RR 0.33, 95% CI 0.17–0.64). Ischemic outcomes were similar among the four treatment regimens. However, numerical, potentially clinically important, higher ST occurrence was observed for NOAC DAT as compared to both VKA TAT (1.50, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.96–2.33) and NOAC TAT (1.86, 95% CI 0.93–3.73). Conclusion: DAT regimens present the highest safety profile among antithrombotic strategies, with a NOAC-specific impact on ICH reduction. NOAC DAT might entail clinically important higher ST occurrence, warranting a case-by-case comprehensive evaluation that integrates patient- and procedure-related residual ischemic risk with the patient-specific bleeding risk.

Antithrombotic strategies in patients needing oral anticoagulation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: A network meta-analysis

Leonardi S.;
2020

Abstract

Background: The optimal antithrombotic regimen in patients with a concomitant indication for oral anticoagulation (OAT) presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. Objectives: To perform a network meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating different antithrombotic regimens among patients with ACS or undergoing PCI requiring OAT. Methods: Network meta-analysis was performed in a frequentist framework. Antithrombotic regimens were categorized by OAC type (vitamin K antagonist-based [VKA]; non-VKA OAT [NOAC]) and antiplatelet agents (P2Y inhibitor only: dual therapy [DAT]; P2Y plus aspirin: triple therapy [TAT]). Safety outcomes were Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) major bleeding and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Efficacy outcomes were cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke and stent-thrombosis (ST). Results: Five RCTs were included, encompassing 10,797 patients (atrial fibrillation 69–100%, ACS 28–62%, PCI 77–100%). Both VKA and NOAC-based DAT regimens reduced the occurrence of TIMI major bleeding compared to VKA TAT (VKA DAT: RR 0.62, 95% CI 0.39–0.98; NOAC DAT: RR 0.52, 95% CI 0.39–0.70). Nevertheless, only NOAC DAT significantly reduced the occurrence of ICH compared to VKA TAT (RR 0.33, 95% CI 0.17–0.64). Ischemic outcomes were similar among the four treatment regimens. However, numerical, potentially clinically important, higher ST occurrence was observed for NOAC DAT as compared to both VKA TAT (1.50, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.96–2.33) and NOAC TAT (1.86, 95% CI 0.93–3.73). Conclusion: DAT regimens present the highest safety profile among antithrombotic strategies, with a NOAC-specific impact on ICH reduction. NOAC DAT might entail clinically important higher ST occurrence, warranting a case-by-case comprehensive evaluation that integrates patient- and procedure-related residual ischemic risk with the patient-specific bleeding risk.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1392855
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