Purpose: This paper aims to investigate how the spatial distribution of boron in cells and oxygen concentration affect the DNA damage induced by charged particles in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) by Monte Carlo simulations, and further to evaluate the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) induction. Materials and methods: The kinetic energy spectra of α, 7Li particles in BNCT arriving at the nucleus surface were obtained from GEANT4 (Geant4 10.05.p01). The DNA damage caused by BNCT was then evaluated using MCDS (MCDS 3.10A). Results: When α or 7Li particles were distributed in the cytomembrane or cytoplasm, the difference in DNA damage of the same types was less than 0.5%. Taking the 137Cs photons as the reference radiation, when the oxygen concentration varied from 0% to 50%, the RBE of 0.54MeV protons and recoil protons varied from 5 to 2, whereas it decreased from 10 to 3 for α or 7Li particles. Conclusion: The RBE of DSB induction all charged particles in BNCT decreased with the increase of oxygen concentration. This work indicated that the RBE of different radiation particles of BNCT might be affected by many factors, which should be paid attention to in theoretical research or clinical application.

Effect of spatial distribution of boron and oxygen concentration on DNA damage induced from boron neutron capture therapy using Monte Carlo simulations

Liu Y.;Bortolussi S.;
2021

Abstract

Purpose: This paper aims to investigate how the spatial distribution of boron in cells and oxygen concentration affect the DNA damage induced by charged particles in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) by Monte Carlo simulations, and further to evaluate the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) induction. Materials and methods: The kinetic energy spectra of α, 7Li particles in BNCT arriving at the nucleus surface were obtained from GEANT4 (Geant4 10.05.p01). The DNA damage caused by BNCT was then evaluated using MCDS (MCDS 3.10A). Results: When α or 7Li particles were distributed in the cytomembrane or cytoplasm, the difference in DNA damage of the same types was less than 0.5%. Taking the 137Cs photons as the reference radiation, when the oxygen concentration varied from 0% to 50%, the RBE of 0.54MeV protons and recoil protons varied from 5 to 2, whereas it decreased from 10 to 3 for α or 7Li particles. Conclusion: The RBE of DSB induction all charged particles in BNCT decreased with the increase of oxygen concentration. This work indicated that the RBE of different radiation particles of BNCT might be affected by many factors, which should be paid attention to in theoretical research or clinical application.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1439881
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