In this study, hybrid nanocubes composed of magnetite (Fe3O4) and manganese dioxide (MnO2), coated with U-251 MG cell-derived membranes (CM-NCubes) are synthesized. The CM-NCubes demonstrate a concentration-dependent oxygen generation (up to 15%), and, for the first time in the literature, an intracellular increase of temperature (6 °C) due to the exothermic scavenging reaction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is showed. Internalization studies demonstrate that the CM-NCubes are internalized much faster and at a higher extent by the homotypic U-251 MG cell line compared to other cerebral cell lines. The ability of the CM-NCubes to cross an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier is also assessed. The CM-NCubes show the ability to respond to a static magnet and to accumulate in cells even under flowing conditions. Moreover, it is demonstrated that 500 µg mL−1 of sorafenib-loaded or unloaded CM-NCubes are able to induce cell death by apoptosis in U-251 MG spheroids that are used as a tumor model, after their exposure to an alternating magnetic field (AMF). Finally, it is shown that the combination of sorafenib and AMF induces a higher enzymatic activity of caspase 3 and caspase 9, probably due to an increment in reactive oxygen species by means of hyperthermia.

Cell Membrane-Coated Magnetic Nanocubes with a Homotypic Targeting Ability Increase Intracellular Temperature due to ROS Scavenging and Act as a Versatile Theranostic System for Glioblastoma Multiforme

Brero F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Lascialfari A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2019

Abstract

In this study, hybrid nanocubes composed of magnetite (Fe3O4) and manganese dioxide (MnO2), coated with U-251 MG cell-derived membranes (CM-NCubes) are synthesized. The CM-NCubes demonstrate a concentration-dependent oxygen generation (up to 15%), and, for the first time in the literature, an intracellular increase of temperature (6 °C) due to the exothermic scavenging reaction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is showed. Internalization studies demonstrate that the CM-NCubes are internalized much faster and at a higher extent by the homotypic U-251 MG cell line compared to other cerebral cell lines. The ability of the CM-NCubes to cross an in vitro model of the blood-brain barrier is also assessed. The CM-NCubes show the ability to respond to a static magnet and to accumulate in cells even under flowing conditions. Moreover, it is demonstrated that 500 µg mL−1 of sorafenib-loaded or unloaded CM-NCubes are able to induce cell death by apoptosis in U-251 MG spheroids that are used as a tumor model, after their exposure to an alternating magnetic field (AMF). Finally, it is shown that the combination of sorafenib and AMF induces a higher enzymatic activity of caspase 3 and caspase 9, probably due to an increment in reactive oxygen species by means of hyperthermia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1440054
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