Introduction: Patients on dialysis (HDPs) are a category at high risk from COVID-19 and thus a high-priority group for vaccination. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy has been a concern since the availability of the first vaccine. The objective of this study was to determine hesitancy rates and factors associated with hesitancy toward COVID-19 vaccination in HDP. Methods: HDP were surveyed with an ad hoc questionnaire in 4 large dialysis facilities in Europe: Le Mans and Paris, in France, and Cagliari and Pavia, in Italy. The questionnaire explored different domains associated with vaccine hesitancy, such as perception of disease severity, sources of information about the vaccine and the disease, and confidence in the health care system. Results: A total of 417 patients (average age 69 years, 60% men) agreed to answer the questionnaire. Hesitancy was associated with younger age (P = 0.003), lower perception of disease severity (P < 0.001) and vaccine efficacy (P < 0.001), and lower trust in vaccination (P < 0.001) and in the health care system and scientists (P < 0.001) in the univariate analysis. In the multivariate models, concerns about side effects (P = 0.004) and vaccine efficacy (P < 0.001) and living in France (P = 0.04) remained associated with higher vaccine hesitancy, whereas having received an influenza vaccine (P = 0.032) and trusting scientists (P = 0.032) were associated with a more positive attitude toward vaccination. Conclusions: HDPs have a good understanding of the risks associated with COVID-19. Vaccine hesitancy was not associated with educational level, age, or gender but rather with lack of confidence in vaccine efficacy and concerns about safety. HDPs were quite skeptical about the health care system but generally trusted scientists.

COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in Patients on Dialysis in Italy and France

Esposito C.;
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Patients on dialysis (HDPs) are a category at high risk from COVID-19 and thus a high-priority group for vaccination. COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy has been a concern since the availability of the first vaccine. The objective of this study was to determine hesitancy rates and factors associated with hesitancy toward COVID-19 vaccination in HDP. Methods: HDP were surveyed with an ad hoc questionnaire in 4 large dialysis facilities in Europe: Le Mans and Paris, in France, and Cagliari and Pavia, in Italy. The questionnaire explored different domains associated with vaccine hesitancy, such as perception of disease severity, sources of information about the vaccine and the disease, and confidence in the health care system. Results: A total of 417 patients (average age 69 years, 60% men) agreed to answer the questionnaire. Hesitancy was associated with younger age (P = 0.003), lower perception of disease severity (P < 0.001) and vaccine efficacy (P < 0.001), and lower trust in vaccination (P < 0.001) and in the health care system and scientists (P < 0.001) in the univariate analysis. In the multivariate models, concerns about side effects (P = 0.004) and vaccine efficacy (P < 0.001) and living in France (P = 0.04) remained associated with higher vaccine hesitancy, whereas having received an influenza vaccine (P = 0.032) and trusting scientists (P = 0.032) were associated with a more positive attitude toward vaccination. Conclusions: HDPs have a good understanding of the risks associated with COVID-19. Vaccine hesitancy was not associated with educational level, age, or gender but rather with lack of confidence in vaccine efficacy and concerns about safety. HDPs were quite skeptical about the health care system but generally trusted scientists.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1444040
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact