The purpose of this study was to evaluate the force levels of 2 sizes (diameters, 0.6 and 1.2 mm) of fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs) (Ever Stick; Stick Teck Ltd, Turku, Finland) compared with orthodontic stainless steel wires (sections, 0.016, 0.018, 0.017 x 0.025, and 0.019 x 0.026 in) under the same testing conditions. The samples were divided into 12 groups, each consisting of 10 specimens. Each sample was evaluated with a 3-point bending test on a universal testing machine. The FRC groups were light-cured by hand with a halogen curing unit (Optilux 501; SDS Kerr, Danbury, Conn) for 40 seconds. Groups 1 through 6 were tested at 1-mm deflection, and groups 7 through 12 at 2-mm deflection. The results of ANOVA indicated significant differences among the various groups (P = .000). The post-hoc test showed that the 2-mm deflection groups had significantly higher load values than the 1-mm deflection groups (P = .000). The highest force levels were recorded with the 1.2-mm FRCs, followed by the 0.019 x 0.026-in stainless steel wires. No significant differences were found between the 0.6-mm FRCs and the 0.017 x 0.025-in wires. The lowest load values were reported with the 0.016-in stainless steel wires. The 1.2-mm FRCs showed higher load values than the other stainless steel wires and the FRCs, whereas no significant difference was found between the 0.6-mm FRCs and the 0.017 x 0.025-in stainless steel wires. Thus, FRCs can be considered a viable esthetic alternative to full-size stainless steel wires to rigidly join dental segments to form anchorage units or units for active tooth movement.

Force levels of fiber-reinforced composites and orthodontic stainless steel wires: a 3-point bending test.

SFONDRINI, MARIA FRANCESCA;SCRIBANTE, ANDREA;
2008-01-01

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the force levels of 2 sizes (diameters, 0.6 and 1.2 mm) of fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs) (Ever Stick; Stick Teck Ltd, Turku, Finland) compared with orthodontic stainless steel wires (sections, 0.016, 0.018, 0.017 x 0.025, and 0.019 x 0.026 in) under the same testing conditions. The samples were divided into 12 groups, each consisting of 10 specimens. Each sample was evaluated with a 3-point bending test on a universal testing machine. The FRC groups were light-cured by hand with a halogen curing unit (Optilux 501; SDS Kerr, Danbury, Conn) for 40 seconds. Groups 1 through 6 were tested at 1-mm deflection, and groups 7 through 12 at 2-mm deflection. The results of ANOVA indicated significant differences among the various groups (P = .000). The post-hoc test showed that the 2-mm deflection groups had significantly higher load values than the 1-mm deflection groups (P = .000). The highest force levels were recorded with the 1.2-mm FRCs, followed by the 0.019 x 0.026-in stainless steel wires. No significant differences were found between the 0.6-mm FRCs and the 0.017 x 0.025-in wires. The lowest load values were reported with the 0.016-in stainless steel wires. The 1.2-mm FRCs showed higher load values than the other stainless steel wires and the FRCs, whereas no significant difference was found between the 0.6-mm FRCs and the 0.017 x 0.025-in stainless steel wires. Thus, FRCs can be considered a viable esthetic alternative to full-size stainless steel wires to rigidly join dental segments to form anchorage units or units for active tooth movement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11571/144603
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