Let (M, g) denote a cosmological spacetime describing the evolution of a universe which is isotropic and homogeneous on large scales, but highly inhomogeneous on smaller scales. We consider two past lightcones, the first, C−L(p,g), is associated with the physical observer p∈M who describes the actual physical spacetime geometry of (M, g) at the length scale L, whereas the second, C−L(p,g^), is associated with an idealized version of the observer p who, notwithstanding the presence of local inhomogeneities at the given scale L, wish to model (M, g) with a member (M,g^) of the family of Friedmann–Lemaitre–Robertson–Walker spacetimes. In such a framework, we discuss a number of mathematical results that allows a rigorous comparison between the two lightcones C−L(p,g) and C−L(p,g^). In particular, we introduce a scale-dependent (L) lightcone-comparison functional, defined by a harmonic type energy, associated with a natural map between the physical C−L(p,g) and the FLRW reference lightcone C−L(p,g^). This functional has a number of remarkable properties, in particular it vanishes iff, at the given length-scale, the corresponding lightcone surface sections (the celestial spheres) are isometric. We discuss in detail its variational analysis and prove the existence of a minimum that characterizes a natural scale-dependent distance functional between the two lightcones. We also indicate how it is possible to extend our results to the case when caustics develop on the physical past lightcone C−L(p,g). Finally, by exploiting causal diamond theory, we show how the distance functional is related (to leading order in the scale L) to spacetime scalar curvature in the causal past of the two lightcones, and briefly illustrate a number of its possible applications.

A comparison theorem for cosmological lightcones

Carfora Mauro
;
Familiari Francesca
Membro del Collaboration Group
2021

Abstract

Let (M, g) denote a cosmological spacetime describing the evolution of a universe which is isotropic and homogeneous on large scales, but highly inhomogeneous on smaller scales. We consider two past lightcones, the first, C−L(p,g), is associated with the physical observer p∈M who describes the actual physical spacetime geometry of (M, g) at the length scale L, whereas the second, C−L(p,g^), is associated with an idealized version of the observer p who, notwithstanding the presence of local inhomogeneities at the given scale L, wish to model (M, g) with a member (M,g^) of the family of Friedmann–Lemaitre–Robertson–Walker spacetimes. In such a framework, we discuss a number of mathematical results that allows a rigorous comparison between the two lightcones C−L(p,g) and C−L(p,g^). In particular, we introduce a scale-dependent (L) lightcone-comparison functional, defined by a harmonic type energy, associated with a natural map between the physical C−L(p,g) and the FLRW reference lightcone C−L(p,g^). This functional has a number of remarkable properties, in particular it vanishes iff, at the given length-scale, the corresponding lightcone surface sections (the celestial spheres) are isometric. We discuss in detail its variational analysis and prove the existence of a minimum that characterizes a natural scale-dependent distance functional between the two lightcones. We also indicate how it is possible to extend our results to the case when caustics develop on the physical past lightcone C−L(p,g). Finally, by exploiting causal diamond theory, we show how the distance functional is related (to leading order in the scale L) to spacetime scalar curvature in the causal past of the two lightcones, and briefly illustrate a number of its possible applications.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1447790
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