Background: The genetic architecture of Brugada syndrome (BrS) is emerging as an increasingly complex area of investigation. The identification of genetically homogeneous populations can provide mechanistic insights and improve genotype-phenotype correlation. Objective: To characterize and define the clinical implications of a novel BrS founder mutation. Using a haplotype-based approach we investigated whether 2 SCN5A genetic variants could derive from founder events. Methods: Single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped in 201 subjects, haplotypes reconstructed, and mutational age estimated. Clinical phenotypes and historical records were collected. Results: A SCN5A variant (c.3352C>T; p.Gln1118Ter) was identified in 3 probands with BrS originating from south Italy. The same mutation was identified in a proband from central Italy and in 1 U.S. resident subject with Italian ancestry. The 5 individuals carried a common core haplotype, whose frequency was extremely low in local noncarrier probands and in population controls (0%–6.06%). The clinical presentation included multigenerational dominant transmission of Brugada electrocardiographic pattern, high incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD), and cardiac conduction defects (CCD). We reconstructed 7-generation pedigrees with common geographic origin. Variant's age estimates suggested that origin of the p.Gln1118Ter dates back 76 generations (95% confidence interval: 28–200). A second SCN5A variant (c.5350G>A; p.Glu1784Lys) identified in the region did not show similar founder signal. Conclusion: p.Gln1118Ter is a novel BrS/CCD/SCD founder mutation. We illustrate how these findings provide insights on the inheritance patterns and phenotypes associated with SCN5A mutation.

Identification of a SCN5A founder mutation causing sudden death, Brugada syndrome, and conduction blocks in Southern Italy

Malovini A.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Mazzanti A.;La Rosa F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Bloise R.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Bellazzi R.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Napolitano C.
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Background: The genetic architecture of Brugada syndrome (BrS) is emerging as an increasingly complex area of investigation. The identification of genetically homogeneous populations can provide mechanistic insights and improve genotype-phenotype correlation. Objective: To characterize and define the clinical implications of a novel BrS founder mutation. Using a haplotype-based approach we investigated whether 2 SCN5A genetic variants could derive from founder events. Methods: Single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped in 201 subjects, haplotypes reconstructed, and mutational age estimated. Clinical phenotypes and historical records were collected. Results: A SCN5A variant (c.3352C>T; p.Gln1118Ter) was identified in 3 probands with BrS originating from south Italy. The same mutation was identified in a proband from central Italy and in 1 U.S. resident subject with Italian ancestry. The 5 individuals carried a common core haplotype, whose frequency was extremely low in local noncarrier probands and in population controls (0%–6.06%). The clinical presentation included multigenerational dominant transmission of Brugada electrocardiographic pattern, high incidence of sudden cardiac death (SCD), and cardiac conduction defects (CCD). We reconstructed 7-generation pedigrees with common geographic origin. Variant's age estimates suggested that origin of the p.Gln1118Ter dates back 76 generations (95% confidence interval: 28–200). A second SCN5A variant (c.5350G>A; p.Glu1784Lys) identified in the region did not show similar founder signal. Conclusion: p.Gln1118Ter is a novel BrS/CCD/SCD founder mutation. We illustrate how these findings provide insights on the inheritance patterns and phenotypes associated with SCN5A mutation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1450003
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