Background: Intraperitoneal insulin delivery has proven to safely overcome a major limit of subcutaneous delivery-meal announcement-and has been able to optimize glycemic control in adults under controlled experimental conditions. In addition, intraperitoneal delivery avoids peripheral hyperinsulinemia resulting from the subcutaneous route and restores a physiological liver gradient. Methods: Relying on a unique data set of intraperitoneal closed-loop insulin delivery obtained with a Model Predictive Controller (MPC), we develop a compartmental model of intraperitoneal insulin kinetics, which, once included in the UVa/Padova T1D simulator, will facilitate the investigation of various control strategies, for example, the simpler Proportional Integral Derivative controller versus MPC. Results: Intraperitoneal insulin kinetics can be described with a 2-compartment model including liver and plasma. Conclusion: Intraperitoneal insulin transit is fast enough to render irrelevant the addition of a peritoneal compartment, proving the peritoneum being a virtual-not actual-transit space for insulin delivery.

Intraperitoneal Insulin Delivery: Evidence of a Physiological Route for Artificial Pancreas From Compartmental Modeling

Lo Presti, Jorge;Toffanin, Chiara;
2022

Abstract

Background: Intraperitoneal insulin delivery has proven to safely overcome a major limit of subcutaneous delivery-meal announcement-and has been able to optimize glycemic control in adults under controlled experimental conditions. In addition, intraperitoneal delivery avoids peripheral hyperinsulinemia resulting from the subcutaneous route and restores a physiological liver gradient. Methods: Relying on a unique data set of intraperitoneal closed-loop insulin delivery obtained with a Model Predictive Controller (MPC), we develop a compartmental model of intraperitoneal insulin kinetics, which, once included in the UVa/Padova T1D simulator, will facilitate the investigation of various control strategies, for example, the simpler Proportional Integral Derivative controller versus MPC. Results: Intraperitoneal insulin kinetics can be described with a 2-compartment model including liver and plasma. Conclusion: Intraperitoneal insulin transit is fast enough to render irrelevant the addition of a peritoneal compartment, proving the peritoneum being a virtual-not actual-transit space for insulin delivery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11571/1450255
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