Background: Intraperitoneal insulin delivery has proven to safely overcome a major limit of subcutaneous delivery-meal announcement-and has been able to optimize glycemic control in adults under controlled experimental conditions. In addition, intraperitoneal delivery avoids peripheral hyperinsulinemia resulting from the subcutaneous route and restores a physiological liver gradient. Methods: Relying on a unique data set of intraperitoneal closed-loop insulin delivery obtained with a Model Predictive Controller (MPC), we develop a compartmental model of intraperitoneal insulin kinetics, which, once included in the UVa/Padova T1D simulator, will facilitate the investigation of various control strategies, for example, the simpler Proportional Integral Derivative controller versus MPC. Results: Intraperitoneal insulin kinetics can be described with a 2-compartment model including liver and plasma. Conclusion: Intraperitoneal insulin transit is fast enough to render irrelevant the addition of a peritoneal compartment, proving the peritoneum being a virtual-not actual-transit space for insulin delivery.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.